地理科学 ›› 2001, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (3): 272-277.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2001.03.272

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

昆明城市发展对室内外平均气温影响的研究

张一平1, 李佑荣1, 彭贵芬2, 刘玉洪1, 马友鑫1, 王进欣3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园, 云南 昆明 650223;
    2. 昆明市气象局, 云南 昆明 650034;
    3. 徐州师范大学城环系, 江苏 徐州 221009
  • 收稿日期:2000-05-15 修回日期:2000-10-08 出版日期:2001-05-20 发布日期:2001-05-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(59836250)资助。

A Study on Effects of Urbanization on the Mean Indoor and Outdoors Air Temperature of Kunming City

ZHANG Yi-ping1, LI You-rong1, PENG Gui-fen2, LIU Yu-hong1, MA You-xin1, WANG Jin-xing3   

  1. 1. Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, CAS, Kunming, Yunnan 650223;
    2. Kunming Meteorological Bureau, Kunming, Yunnan 650034;
    3. Xuzhou Mormal University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221009
  • Received:2000-05-15 Revised:2000-10-08 Online:2001-05-20 Published:2001-05-20

摘要: 利用受城市扩大影响的昆明气象站室内外气温资料和未受城市影响的太华山气象站气温资料,以及城市建成区面积和城市人口资料,分析了昆明城市发展对室内外平均气温影响程度。由于城市面积扩大导致昆明的室内外气温均升高,城市增温效应在1~4月较大,5~12月较小;城市增温效应的主要影响因子在上半年是城市人口增加,而在下半年则主要是城市建成区面积的扩大。另外,城市增温效应与城市建成区面积、城市人口均有较好地相关关系。城市建成区面积增加对平均气温的影响较大;而城市人口增加对平均室内气温的影响较大。

Abstract: The data roots in the observation of air temperature that those have been effected by city expansion in Kunming City weather station and have been un-effected by urbanization in Taihua Mountain station. The results indicate that with Kunming City area expanding, the indoor and outdoors air temperature rises, the effect is bigger in Jan. to Apr. and that is lesser in May to Dec. The correlativity between effection of city temperature increasing and urban area and urban population is considerable. Urban area increasing has considerable effect on the average air temperature; while urban population increasing obviously affects average air temperature of indoor. This result will reference on studying fundamentals about urbanization effect on urban climate and city planning.

中图分类号: 

  • P463.3