地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 55-63.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.01.006

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场所叙事视角下乡愁的多维解构与影响机理——基于新民谣歌词与评论的分析

洪学婷1(), 黄震方1,*(), 陈晓艳2, 徐冬1   

  1. 1.南京师范大学地理科学学院,江苏 南京 210023
    2.江苏理工学院人文学院,江苏 常州 213001
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-29 修回日期:2020-01-13 出版日期:2021-01-25 发布日期:2021-03-04
  • 通讯作者: 黄震方 E-mail:hxtnnu@163.com;huanzghenfang@njnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:洪学婷(1992-),女,安徽芜湖人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为旅游地理。E-mail: hxtnnu@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42071175);国家自然科学基金项目(41701162);国家自然科学基金项目(42001169);江苏省研究生科研与实践创新计划项目(KYCX19_0764)

Multidimensional Deconstruction and Impact Mechanism of Nostalgic from the Perspective of Place Narrative Based on Lyrics and Comments of New Folk Songs

Hong Xueting1(), Huang Zhenfang1,*(), Chen Xiaoyan2, Xu Dong1   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
    2. College of Humanities, Jiangsu University of Technology, Changzhou 213001, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2019-09-29 Revised:2020-01-13 Online:2021-01-25 Published:2021-03-04
  • Contact: Huang Zhenfang E-mail:hxtnnu@163.com;huanzghenfang@njnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071175);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41701162);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42001169);Postgraduate Research & Practice Innovation of Jiangsu Province(KYCX19_0764)

摘要:

乡愁主题的新民谣具有场所叙事特征,通过NVivo10质性分析和自然语言处理方法分析新民谣歌词与评论,探讨场所叙事理论视角下乡愁呈现的维度特征与生产机理。研究结果表明:乡愁呈现空间、时间、记忆及情感维度。乡愁中的空间维度包括家、地方和区域不同的尺度空间,以家为核心意象的乡愁是最广泛的实践;时间维度中具有日、月、年嵌套的时间层次,体现了循环和线性时间下乡愁的表征;乡愁的积极情感与消极情感交融;记忆维度表现了场景、人物和事件。乡愁是主体人与客体地方在影响因素的综合作用下形成的情感。

关键词: 场所叙事, 新民谣, 乡愁, 多维解构, 影响机理, 城镇化

Abstract:

In the process of urbanization, the increasingly rich place narrative practice of individuals helps to understand the root relationship between individuals and places. At present, China is undergoing an unprecedented process of urbanization and industrialization in terms of scale and range, with new strides constantly made in the modernization drive. The demolition of massive buildings and the migration of the population caused collective unconscious nostalgic. China’s rise in new folk songs cultures after the early of the 20th century are an attractive cultural phenomenon. Nostalgic is a recurrent theme of new folk songs and new folk songs provide fertile soil for nostalgic. The lyrics and comments on new folk songs themed nostalgic were selected to analyze the phenomenon of nostalgia. This article investigates the dimension characteristic and production mechanism of nostalgic by applying NVivo10 software techniques and natural language processing methods. The lyrics of new folk songs themed nostalgic construct nostalgia at four dimensions, namely spatial dimension, temporal dimension, memory dimension, and emotional dimension. Lyricist of new folk songs recalled the landscape in concrete space and time to express their feelings. A spatial dimension in nostalgia presents home, place, and region of different scales. A home-centered image is the most extensive practice. The time dimension contains days, months and years, showing the representation of nostalgia. Nostalgic is not only oriented to the past but also the future. Nostalgic memories can be pleasant, albeit bittersweet. It can also be divided into two parts: Emotions from the memory and emotions from reality. And the memory dimension presents a scene, character, and event. Nostalgia is awakened by the combination of people, place, and media factors. Changes in the individual’s perception of time and space, as well as life experience and personality characteristics, affect the level of perception of nostalgia. The sensory elements that arouse memory about hometown and social factors such as urbanization, modernization, and environmental changes will stimulate nostalgia. The content of nostalgic is the characteristics of the place, the memory it bears, and the places’ culture. The study’s theoretical contributions, limitations and practical implications for sustainable development from the perspective of nostalgic are discussed.

Key words: place narration, new folk song, nostalgia, multidimensional deconstruction, mechanism, urbanization

中图分类号: 

  • K901.6