地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 900-910.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.05.018

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多尺度视角下耕地利用功能转型及驱动力分析——以甘肃省为例

张文斌1,2(), 张志斌1,*(), 董建红1, 张怀林1, 高发文1, 公维民1   

  1. 1.西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院,甘肃 兰州 730070
    2.兰州财经大学财税与公共管理学院,甘肃 兰州 730101
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-27 修回日期:2020-12-31 出版日期:2021-05-10 发布日期:2021-07-15
  • 通讯作者: 张志斌 E-mail:wbinzhang@163.com;zbzhang@nwnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张文斌(1986−),男,甘肃武威人,讲师,博士生,主要从事城市与区域规划研究。E-mail: wbinzhang@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目资助(41961029)

Transformation and Driving Forces of Cultivated Land Utilization Function from a Multi-scale Perspective in Gansu Province

Zhang Wenbin1,2(), Zhang Zhibin1,*(), Dong Jianhong1, Zhang Huailin1, Gao Fawen1, Gong Weimin1   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, Gansu, China
    2. School of Finance Taxation and Public Administration, Lanzhou University of Finance and Economics, Lanzhou 730101, Gansu, China
  • Received:2020-07-27 Revised:2020-12-31 Online:2021-05-10 Published:2021-07-15
  • Contact: Zhang Zhibin E-mail:wbinzhang@163.com;zbzhang@nwnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41961029)

摘要:

根据诱致性生产替代理论,构建耕地利用功能转型的理论分析框架,并运用其综合分析方法从省域、区域、县域尺度揭示了甘肃耕地利用功能转型的特征与规律。结果表明:① 甘肃省耕地利用功能正处于从经济社会型向生态经济型转型的过渡期;5大区域耕地利用功能均已转型并呈现出两种状态;86个县区耕地利用功能转型结果呈现出4种状态、差异较大,但空间分布具有一定的规律性。② 耕地利用功能转型结果在不同尺度上呈现出较大的差异,空间尺度效应显著,且尺度越小其转型结果的差异越复杂。③ 耕地利用功能转型的驱动力主要体现在城镇化率与经济水平、社会发展与技术进步等方面。可以通过提高城镇化率与经济发展水平来增加收入、提升消费水平和改善饮食结构,同时,依靠技术进步、政策调节来保障耕地利用功能的合理转型。最后,从利益调配和考核评价两方面提出了耕地利用功能转型管理的建议。

关键词: 土地利用转型, 耕地利用结构, 尺度效应, 甘肃省

Abstract:

Based on the theory of induced production substitution, a theoretical analysis framework of cultivated land use function transformation was constructed, and the characteristics and rules of cultivated land use function transformation in Gansu were revealed by using the comprehensive analysis method of cultivated land use function transformation at the provincial, regional and county scales. The results showed that: 1) The function of cultivated land use in Gansu Province was in the transition period from economic society type to eco-economic type. The cultivated land use function of the five regions had been transformed and presented two states. The results of the transformation of cultivated land use function in 86 counties showed four states with great differences, but the spatial distribution had certain regularity. 2) The results of functional transition of cultivated land use were significantly different at different scales, showing obvious spatial scale effect, and the smaller the scale, the more complex the differences were. 3) The driving force of cultivated land use function transformation was mainly reflected in the urbanization rate and economic level, social development and technological progress, etc. It is possible to increase income, consumption levels and improve diet structure by increasing the urbanization rate and economic development level. At the same time, rely on technological progress and policy adjustments to ensure the rational transformation of the function of cultivated land use. Finally, the paper puts forward some suggestions on the transformation management of cultivated land use function from two aspects of benefit allocation and evaluation.

Key words: land use transformation, cultivated land use structure, scale effect, Gansu Province