地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (12): 2138-2148.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.12.007

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武汉市多维度城市公园绿地空间公平性分析

徐欣1,2(), 胡静1,2,*(), 贾垚焱3, 田小波1,2   

  1. 1.华中师范大学城市与环境科学学院,湖北 武汉 430079
    2.中国旅游研究院武汉分院,湖北 武汉 430079
    3.山西财经大学文化旅游学院,山西 太原 030031
  • 收稿日期:2020-11-20 修回日期:2021-02-11 出版日期:2021-12-25 发布日期:2022-02-17
  • 通讯作者: 胡静 E-mail:xxingeo@163.com;huj@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:徐欣(1992−),女,河北邯郸人,博士研究生,主要从事旅游地理信息挖掘与可视化、旅游与区域发展研究。E-mail: xxingeo@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    华中师范大学中央高校基本科研业务费项目(CCNU20BG003);2019年度研究生教育创新项目(2019CXZZ006)

Spatial Equity of Urban Park Green Based on Multiple Dimensions in Central District of Wuhan

Xu Xin1,2(), Hu Jing1,2,*(), Jia Yaoyan3, Tian Xiaobo1,2   

  1. 1. The College of Urban and Environmental Science, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, China
    2. Wuhan Branch of China Tourism Academy, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, China
    3. Faculty of Culture Tourism, Shanxi University of Finance and Economics, Taiyuan 030031, Shanxi, China
  • Received:2020-11-20 Revised:2021-02-11 Online:2021-12-25 Published:2022-02-17
  • Contact: Hu Jing E-mail:xxingeo@163.com;huj@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of Central China Normal University(CCNU20BG003);Education & Innovation Funding Project for Graduate in 2019(2019CXZZ006)

摘要:

以武汉市中心城区为研究区域,居民建筑为研究单元,基于步行、骑行及公共交通3种出行方式,从城市公园绿地数量、质量及可达性3个维度衡量每个建筑单元的公园绿地空间公平性水平。结果表明:① 3种交通方式下建筑单元的公园绿地公平性分布相差较大,但整体呈现由城中心沿江区域向外围辐射递减的分布特征;② 随着居民出行方式的升级,极限出行时间内居民的活动范围不断扩大,因此所享有公园绿地公平性水平逐步提升;③ 城市公园绿地资源与人口分布存在空间失配现象,多数公园绿地分布于城市中部,而南北部城郊区域分布较少,西北和西南部多数区域居民享有公园绿地公平性水平整体较差。

关键词: 空间公平性, 城市公园绿地, 多维度, 武汉市中心城区

Abstract:

Urban park green is a public service resource which integrates economic, ecological and leisure functions. The fairness of urban park green spatial layout and resource allocation are significant to the quality of routine life and environmental optimization. The central district of Wuhan is taken as the study area and residential buildings as the research unit. Based on the three travel modes of walking, bicycle and public transportation, this article measured the equity of park green in residential building from the three dimensions of quantity, quality and accessibility. The results showed that: 1) The equity distribution of urban park green in residential building varies greatly under the three modes of transportation, but the overall layout features are decreasing from the area along the river of the city center to the periphery. 2) With the upgrading of residents’ travel mode, the range of residents’ activities in the limit travel time is expanding, so the equity level of the park green space enjoyed by residents are gradually improved. 3) There is spatial mismatch between urban park green resources and population distribution. Most parks are distributed in the middle of the city, and a few are located in the north and south of the suburbs. The equity levels of park green enjoyed by residents in the northwest and southwest is poor as a whole. In the future, cities should further optimize the spatial layout and quality of urban park green, and improve the convenience of suburban traffic to promote the construction of urban ecological environment.

Key words: spatial equity, urban park green, multiple dimensions, the central district of Wuhan

中图分类号: 

  • F59