地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 168-175.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.02.168

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中国区域综合运输效率的测度及其时空演化

李涛1, 曹小曙2,3,4(), 杨文越2, 黄晓燕4   

  1. 1.广东财经大学地理与旅游学院,广东 广州 510320
    2.中山大学城市与区域研究中心,广东 广州 510275
    3.陕西师范大学交通地理与空间规划研究所,陕西 西安 710062
    4.陕西师范大学西北国土资源研究中心,陕西 西安 710062
  • 收稿日期:2014-01-11 修回日期:2014-05-12 出版日期:2015-02-15 发布日期:2015-02-15
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李涛(1985-),男,山西长治人,博士,讲师,主要从事交通地理与城市发展研究。E-mail:taoli-2008@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171139、41130747)资助

Comprehensive Measurement and Evolution of Regional Integrated Transport Efficiency in China

Tao LI1, Xiao-shu CAO2,3,4(), Wen-yue YANG2, Xiao-yan HUANG4   

  1. 1.School of Geography and Tourism ,Guangdong University of Finance&Economics, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510320, China
    2.Center for Urban & Regional Studies, SunYat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275, China
    3.Institute of Transport Geography and Spatial Planning Xi′an, Shaanxi 710062, China
    4.Northwest Land and Resources Research Center, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi′an, Shaanxi 710062, China
  • Received:2014-01-11 Revised:2014-05-12 Online:2015-02-15 Published:2015-02-15

摘要:

以中国31个省(市、自治区)为研究单元,采用DEA模型对1988-2011年中国省域综合运输效率时空演化特征进行了分析,结果发现:中国省域综合运输效率总体水平较低,呈现出东部高而中西部低的空间格局;从分解效率来看,中国省域综合运输技术效率水平较低,规模效率普遍较高,技术效率是影响综合运输效率时空格局变化的主要因素。3/4省份完成了由规模收益递增阶段向规模收益递减阶段的过渡,运输资源要素的投入冗余阻碍了综合运输效率水平提高,调控和优化现有运输资源结构,提高技术效率成为提高综合运输效率的主要途径。

关键词: 综合运输效率, 技术效率, 规模效率, 数据包络分析法, 中国

Abstract:

This article selects 31 provinces (municipalities and autonomous regions) in China as the study units, and uses the DEA model to analyze the comprehensive transportation efficiency and its temporal evolution characteristics in China over the period of 1988-2011. The results indicate that the integrated transport efficiency is relatively low, and diminishing from the east and west to the central. From the point of view of decomposition efficiency, the integrated transport technical efficiency is relatively low, but the scale efficiency is very high. The spatio-temporal evolution of integrated transport efficiency was determined by scale efficiency. Most provinces have transferred from the stage of increasing return to scale to the stage of decreased return to scale, which means further improvement of integrated transport efficiency will be hampered by too much input of resources. Our findings imply that the development of transport efficiency in the future should be improved by restructuring and optimizing the existing transport resources, especially to the necessity of improving technical efficiency for the improvement of integrated transport efficiency.

Key words: integrated transport efficiency, technical efficiency, scale efficiency, DEA, China

中图分类号: 

  • K901