地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 22-30.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.01.003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

多样vs.分裂:论中国人文地理学发展的多元性及其挑战

王丰龙1,2,刘云刚3()   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心,上海 200062
    2. 华东师范大学城市发展研究院, 上海 200062
    3. 华南师范大学地理科学学院,广东 广州 510631
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-30 修回日期:2018-07-21 出版日期:2019-01-10 发布日期:2019-01-10
  • 作者简介:王丰龙(1988-),男,内蒙古赤峰人,副教授,主要研究方向为政治地理学、幸福地理学和地理学思想。E-mail: flwang@iud.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41601144,41571130,41271165);中央高校基本科研业务费项目资助(2017ECNU-KXK012)

Diversity vs. Division: The Pluralism and Its Challenges for Contemporary Chinese Human Geography

Fenglong Wang1,2,Yungang Liu3()   

  1. 1. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. Institute of Urban Development, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    3. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2017-12-30 Revised:2018-07-21 Online:2019-01-10 Published:2019-01-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41601144,41571130,41271165);Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(2017ECNU-KXK012)

摘要:

从哲学、理论、方法和实践4个方面梳理了中国人文地理学内部的多元性,并区分了这些多元性的性质,即哪些是缺乏交流和整合的“散见”、哪些是需要统一和弥合的“歧见”、哪些是认识局限导致的“偏见”。据此建议加强中国人文地理学研究的问题意识和原创性理论研究;减少对“主义”的过度推崇和对方法的盲目崇拜;加强定性方法和定量方法的交流及论证过程的严谨性;在政策取向上取得“求真”和“务实”的平衡;提高学科发展的自信和对不同研究视角的包容。此外,应该在研究选题、杂志建设和奖项设置等操作层面推动人文地理学的理论整合。

关键词: 多元性, 人文地理学, 地理学思想, 地理哲学, 人文地理学理论, 人文地理学方法

Abstract:

In last 40 years, Chinese Human Geography has made great achievements in terms of the integrity of disciplinary system, number of research in geographical journals, and social and political impacts of Human Geography graduates. However, there are also many challenges in the development of Chinese Human Geography. The most salient one is the pluralism of Chinese human geographical studies, which leads to the blurred definition, undermined identification and reduced impact of human geography. The article tries to scrutinize and distinguish the types of pluralism in Chinese Human Geography in the aspects of philosophy, theory, method and practice. 3 types of pluralism are summarized and their implications for the future studies are discussed, i.e. the dispersed disagreements (sanjian) which require more communication and integration, the divided ideas (qijian) which need to be unified and bridged, and narrow prejudice (pianjian) which should be dispelled and opened up. This article suggests that Chinese Human Geography should enhance consciousness of raising good research questions and develop more original theories, abandon the excessive worship of new doctrines and methods, promote the communication and combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, improve the rigor of arguments, balance “realistic” and “pragmatic” orientations in policy-making, and integrate diverse research perspectives. We also provide some detailed practical recommendations in future research directions and disciplinary development.

Key words: pluralism, Human Geography, geographical thoughts, geographical philosophy, human geographical theory, human geographical method

中图分类号: 

  • K901