SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (4): 410-418.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.04.410

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Spatial Differentiation of Human Settlement Environment Suitability in Chinese Typical Tourist Cities

Yong-quan GU1, Jun YANG1(), Xiao-lin FENG2, Chuang LI1, Xue-ming LI1   

  1. 1. Liaoning Key Laboratory of Physical Geography and Geomatics, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian,Liaoning 116029, China
    2. Liaoning Province Information Center, Shenyang,Liaoning 110002, China
  • Received:2014-01-20 Revised:2014-07-24 Online:2015-04-20 Published:2015-04-20

Abstract:

The research on spatial differentiation of human settlements environment suitability in typical tourist cities plays an important role in exploiting local human settlement environment resources. Meanwhile, it provides scientific basis for the sustainable development of local tourism. This article applies the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (Fuzzy AHP) to choose 30 typical tourism cities in China as the research object from 101cities who have five 3A or more scenic spots. By establishing human settlement environment suitability index system and using entropy method, this article obtains the economic environment suitability, ecological suitability, suitable climate and environment, service environment suitability and human settlement suitability comprehensive score for 30 typical tourist cities. Results show that Beijing and Shanghai obtain the top two score in the human settlement suitability and have absolute advantage than others; the Yangtze River Delta region (Suzhou, Wuxi, Hangzhou etc.) has a little difference between the ranking of human settlement suitability and typical tourist city and most of them are in the top 15. Moreover, they do well in the coordinated development of human settlements environment and tourism resources. While the coastal city, such as, Dalian, Qingdao and Xiamen, has a low ranking of the typical tourist city, the score of human settlement suitability is high; The cultural landscape tourism city, such as Xi'an and Luoyang, acquires a low ranking of the human settlement environment suitability. Although Chongqing and Guangzhou have advantage in typical tourist cities, the score of human settlement suitability are lower; accordingly, they should pay more attention on improving ecological environment and service environment.

Key words: human settlement suitability, typical tourist city, entropy method, fuzzy analytic hierarchy process

CLC Number: 

  • X22