SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): 1634-1642.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.10.007

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Relationship Between Urbanization Level and Economic Growth Based on the Perspective of City and Market

Xuehui Wang1,2(), Guofeng Gu2()   

  1. 1.Tourism and Event Management School, Shanghai University of International Business and Economics, Shanghai 201620,China
    2.School of Geography Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024,Jilin, China
  • Received:2017-09-19 Revised:2017-11-02 Online:2018-12-12 Published:2018-12-12
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China (16BJL032)


This article analyzes the level and types of urbanization of Chinese 285 prefecture-level cities from 2005 to 2014 based on the perspective of city and market, and reveals the spatiotemporal regulation of the evolution of urbanization level in China. The paper explored the relationship between different types of urbanization and economic growth based on the function of non parameter estimation method. The results show that: 1) The spatial distribution of city level in China is discrete, and the spatial distribution of market level shows the “core periphery” structure. According to the equilibrium and synchronization level of city and market, the study unit could be divided into five categories, which are city precedes market, market precedes city, low-level synchronization, medium-level synchronization, high-level synchronization. And we found that most cities of our country belong to the high-level synchronization type. 2) This article reveals the characteristics of urbanization type evolution through constructing a transtion-probablity matrix Markov chain. The first characteristic is that the cities belong to synchronous type shows more stability than that belongs to non-synchronous type. The second characteristic is that the transfer of urbanization type has stages. 3) Firstly, the economic growth rate of low-level synchronous city has cubic function relationships with city and market level. Secondly, the economic growth rate of media-level and high-level synchronous city has quadratic function relationships with its city and market level. Thirdly, the economic growth rate of non-synchronous city has cubic function relationships with city and market level. Therefore, different types of cities should adopt differentiated policies when raising their economic level.

Key words: urbanization, city, market, economic growth, Markov chain, nonparametric estimation

CLC Number: 

  • F290