SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 674-683.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.04.014

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Spatial Structure and Influencing Factors of Cross-border Urban Networks in the Western China

Man Shan1(), Yang Yongchun1,2(), Zeng Tonggang1, Liu Qing1   

  1. 1. College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China
    2. Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of West China’s Environmental System, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China
  • Received:2020-06-16 Revised:2020-08-21 Online:2021-04-25 Published:2021-06-04
  • Contact: Yang Yongchun E-mail:manshan0725@163.com;yangych@1zu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971198);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41571155)

Abstract:

Based on the data of headquarters of listed companies in the western China and their overseas subsidiaries in 2010, 2014, and 2018, this study uses social network analysis and rank-size analysis methods to explore the spatial structure of cross-border urban network in the western China, and uses Dunning’s eclectic theory of international production to analyze its influencing factors. The results showed the following: 1) The western China cross-border urban network showed the characteristics of maximum connection polarization and dispersion of connection breadth, and formed a hierarchical network structure with Chengdu-Hong Kong, Chongqing-Hong Kong, Chengdu-Perth, Xi'an-Hong Kong, Chengdu-Singapore city pairs as the main contact path. 2) The number of important node cities in the network has increased and formed a polycentric network structure. The cities with strong out-degree centrality have obvious administrative center orientation, technological innovation orientation, industrial foundation orientation, resource orientation and opening up orientation, cities with strong in-degree centrality have obvious gateway orientation, technological innovation orientation, financial center orientation and strategic policy orientation. 3) The evolution of the network structure conforms to the rank-size rule. The centrality of the primate city in the network has gradually increased, and both the out-degree network and the in-degree network have experienced a development process from relative equilibrium to relative centralization, and then to centralization. 4) Ownership advantage is the basic prerequisite for cross-border investment of listed companies, which combining with location advantages affect the investment location selection of listed companies. Internalization advantage plays a role in consolidating the strength of ties between the host country and the home country. The three advantages change with time, which affected the spatial structure of the cross-border urban network in the western China.

Key words: cross-border urban network, listed company, spatial structure, the western China

CLC Number: 

  • K901