SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2001, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (2): 183-187.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2001.02.183

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Study on the Classification of Science and Technology and Educational Urban Function and Spacial Distribution in China

WANG Yan-rong1, LIU Jie2   

  1. 1. Dept.of Resource and Environment Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang, Guizhou 550001;
    2. Dept.of Environment Sciences, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030006
  • Received:1999-11-17 Revised:2000-04-12 Online:2001-03-20 Published:2001-03-20

Abstract: Using Anlytical Herarchy Process and the multi-index weighted averages method, the authors have calculated the composite evaluating index of the science and technology and educational urban function in China, according to which Chinese cities of science and technology and educational function have been grouped into 4 main categories and 6 sub-categories by applying the Nelson classification measure supplementarily.The object of study is 209 Chinese cities in 1995. In order to stress the science and technology and educational function of some cities, the authors have chosen 85 cities which have Master's degree authorities as the evaluated samples.The evaluating index consists of 5 variables of the 85 cities.Two of them represent the science and technology function.They are the members of scientific and technical staff and the staff members of the professional titles above middle rank.The other three variables represent the educational function.They are the members of the students in colleges and universities, the members of enrolled Masters, and the key discipline members of institutes of higher learning,which had been promulgated by the State Council academic degree committee. The general spatial features of Chinese cities of science and technology and educational function show that whether the quantity or the functional intensity decreases progressively from the east to the west in China and most of the cities center on the areas around Bohaisea and East China.The authors have found some existing problems. 1)The functional grade difference of the 85 cities is large. 2) The middle-sized and small cities of science and technology and educational function relatively develop slowly. 3)Some cities'science and technology and educational functions are not fit in with the their development.The relavent suggestions also have been given. It is necessary to speed up the development of the science and technology and educational enterprises in the middle and in the east in China.The local states should strengthen the investment and policies, encourage the science and technology and educational strength in the east to join the west development,attract talented persons in order to promote their development strength and competition capacity. All these measures will benefit narrowing the development gap between the west and the east in China.

CLC Number: 

  • K928.5