SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): 60-66.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.01.60

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Tourism Meteorological Disasters Defense System in Huangshan Scenic Area—A Case Study of Lighting Monitoring and Early Warning System

Jin-lian WANG1(), Shan-feng HU1, An-ping LIU2, Jun-xiang ZHANG1   

  1. 1.Tourism Department of Huangshan University, Huangshan Anhui ,245021,China
    2.Huangshan Scenic Area Meteorological Management Agency, Huangshan Anhui ,245800
  • Received:2013-07-02 Revised:2013-10-15 Online:2014-01-10 Published:2014-01-10

Abstract:

Because of its sensitivity, vulnerability, tourism is affected by meteorological disasters even more obvious.Currently, academic research on disasters warning information mainly concentrates on tourism disasters or meteorological disasters, but rarely on tourism meteorological disasters and warning system. Because distinguished from tourism disasters and meteorological disasters, tourism meteorological disasters have unique characteristics, therefore, to build tourism meteorological disasters is necessary.Huangshan Scenic Area is a famous tourist scenic spot at home and abroad, which features world natural heritage, cultural heritage and Geological Park. However, affected by the mountain climate, Huangshan Scenic Area is frequently stricken by tourism meteorological disasters, and geological disasters caused by this damaged the tourism resources and facilities, which influenced the tourism activities and even threaten the tourists personal and property safety. Therefore, based on the analysis of the impact of tourism meteorological disasters and combined with the characteristics of tourism meteorological disasters in Huangshan scenic area, this paper constructs tourism meteorological disasters prevention system. The system is mainly composed of tourism meteorological disaster monitoring system, early warning system and professional defense system. Monitoring system is to monitor temperature, relative humidity, visibility, atmospheric electric field, precipitation, lightning location information; Early warning system consists of lightning warning, storm warning, snow warning, flash floods and drought and low temperature warning; Professional defense system includes flash floods and geological disasters special defense, snow and icy roads special defense, droughts meteorological special defense, lightning special defense system.Taking lightning monitoring and early warning system as an example, the paper introduced the ideas of the construction, process of early warning and technology system in detail so as to provide scientific basis and reference for prevention of meteorological disasters in mountain tourism scenic spot.

Key words: Tourism meteorological disaster, prevention system, lightning monitoring, lightning warning, Huangshan Scenic Area

CLC Number: 

  • F592