SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (11): 1353-1360.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.011.1353

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Evolution Characteristics and Influence Mechanism of Human Settlements in Rural Tourism Destinations of Edge Type of Scenic Spot: A Case Study of “Great Nanyue Tourism Circle”

Bo-hua LI1,2(), Pei-lin LIU1,2, Yin-di DOU2, Peng WANG2   

  1. 1. Research Establishment for Hunan Settlement, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang, Hunan 421008, China
    2. Department of Geography & Tourism Management, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang, Hunan 421008, China
  • Received:2013-08-08 Revised:2013-11-25 Online:2014-11-10 Published:2014-11-10

Abstract:

Human settlement of rural tourism destinations of edge type is a relatively independent and complex giant system. Its evolution characteristics and influence mechanism have distinct uniqueness, so new research idea and theoretical framework are required to carry on creative exploration. Based on systems science and man-land relationship theory, this article summarizes the evolution characteristics of human settlements in rural tourism destinations of edge type of scenic spot from 3 aspects such as self-organization, periodicity and volatility. The human settlement evolution of rural tourism destinations is the result of the interaction of self-organization and heter-organization. Under the influence of spatial-temporal transformation of tourism elements flow, the system evolution state presents a cyclical dynamic evolution. Because of the influence of uncertainty factors, this cyclical change shows a great uncertainty and diversity in evolution path and rate. Taking spatial-temporal transformation of tourism elements flow as main driving factor, using "Great Nanyue tourism circle" as a case study, this article constructs a dynamic model of evolution characteristics of rural tourism destinations human settlements of edge type of scenic spot. The evolution process is divided into four categories, which are processes of invasion, competition, reaction and regulation. Process of invasion embodies the impacts of spatial agglomeration of tourism elements flow on human settlements of rural tourism destinations. Process of competition is actually the unity of differentiation process and symbiosis process. Process of reaction is the adaptation and adjustment of human settlements system in rural tourism destinations to external interference. Processes of regulation can clarify the internal relations between spatial-temporal pattern of rural human settlements and tourism development, so as to seek constructional path of human settlements of rural tourism destinations of edge type of scenic spot. Inflow process of tourism elements flow is the unification of spatial process and social process. In the process of market oriented tourism development, competition process not only maximizes resources and location value, but also brings deep divisions and social inequalities. Government's effective control is particularly important because the intervening of heter-organization can guarantee the sustainable development of human settlement system of rural tourism destinations. Because of the complexity of rural tourism destination of edge type of scenic spot, the human settlement evolution is of diversity. Due to difference in type, location and development level of core scenic area, evolution process of human settlement of rural tourism destinations may be skipped or incomplete, so the universality of empirical research on "Great Nanyue Tourism Circle" requires further inspection. Comparative study on different types of human settlement evolution of rural tourism destinations of edge type of scenic spot has very important research significance, and it is also the important part of follow-up studies.

Key words: Key Words: rural tourism destinations, human settlement, self-organization evolution, ecological community succession

CLC Number: 

  • K901.8