SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (3): 309-315.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.03.309

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The Change and Driving Forces of Rural Residential Area Under the Background of Rapid Urbanization: A Case Study of the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Urban Agglomeration

Xue-lan TAN1(), Yan-ying ZHONG1,2(), Jian-nan DUAN1, Hao-cheng CAO1   

  1. 1.College of Resources and Environment, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, Hunan 410128, China
    2.School of Public Administration, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, Hubei 430074, China
  • Received:2013-02-25 Revised:2013-05-02 Online:2014-03-10 Published:2013-08-16

Abstract:

The study on the driving forces of rural settlements area can instruct the consolidation of rural settlements area, which is an important part of the study of law of rural settlements area evolution. Based on the data from land use detailed surveys, socio-economic statistics and field surveys in the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration from 1996 to 2008, the track of changes, the spatial disparities and driving forces of rural residential areas were analyzed with the methods of relative change rate, principal component analysis and multiple regressive analysis. The result showed that: 1) the rural residential area of the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan was in a regressive tendency, but was still used extensively; 2) the change rate of rural settlements was high and was obviously regionally differentiated in the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomerations; the relative change rate is higher where traffic-geographical condition is superior and the economy is more developed; 3) with the method of principal component analysis, it showed that dynamic economic growth, agricultural science and technology as well as policy system were the three main driving factors that caused the change of rural residential areas in the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration. Meanwhile, by using multiple regressive analyses, it revealed that different factors have different impacts on the change of rural settlements area, among which the gross output value of agriculture, the food production and the social fixed assets investment are more important.

Key words: rapid urbanization, rural settlements, landuse changes, Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration

CLC Number: 

  • P208