SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (3): 316-321.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.03.316

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Distribution Characteristics and Reason of Farmers' Specialized Cooperatives: Taking Example for First Batch of Farmers' Professional Cooperative Model

Shuai LIU1,2(), Yan GUO1, Ou-nan TIAN3   

  1. 1.College of Economic and Management, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, Jilin 130118, China
    2.Center for Rural Economy in Main Grain Producing Area, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, Jilin 130118, China
    3.College of Economic and Management, Jilin Agricultural Science and Technology College, Jilin, Jilin 132101, China
  • Received:2013-03-10 Revised:2013-10-09 Online:2014-03-10 Published:2014-03-10

Abstract:

As a new agricultural entity, farmers’ specialized cooperatives, by connecting farmers and enterprises, not only improve the degree of agricultural organization but also increase farmers’ income through the sharing of agricultural industry chain profits. This article, on the basis of resource constraints, transaction costs and market demand, studies the first batch of farmer’s professional cooperative models and analyzes the distribution characteristics of farmers’ specialized cooperatives in China, using cross-sectional study by weighted least squares regression with the aid of Eviews 8.0 software. The results indicate that, in the course of seeking to minimize transaction costs, the resources advantage promotes the development of food and fishing cooperatives, while market demand is the leading force for the development of vegetables, fruits and animal husbandry cooperatives. That is reason that grain farmers' professional cooperative models are more concentrated in the major grain producing areas, vegetables and fruits farmers' professional cooperative models are distributed in the areas of the market demand for larger. To some extent, regional and industrial distribution of farmers’ specialized cooperatives reflects the general rules of the cooperative development. To reduce the transaction cost is the initial motivation of cooperative economy organization development, and resource advantage, market demand and level of economic development constitute farmers' professional co-operatives distribution of external and internal mechanism. For different industries and the development of farmers' professional co-operatives, different regions should adopt different policies and the support of the priority order. And then, the development of farmers' professional co-operatives should further be standardized including to strengthen the cooperative internal proportion of democratic management, to improve the surplus returned, and to share interests, etc.

Key words: farmers' specialized cooperatives, agricutiural entity, farmer's income increase, transaction cost

CLC Number: 

  • F326