SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (9): 1033-1040.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.09.1033

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial Pattern and Classification of Human Settlement: A Case Study of Shahekou in Dalian

Xue-ming LI1,2, Ying-jia ZHANG1,2, Jia-ji GAO1,3   

  1. 1. Centre of Urban Human Settlement Studies, Liaoning Normal University, Liaoning, Dalian 4116029, China
    2. School of Urban and Environment, Liaoning Normal University, Liaoning, Dalian 4116029, China
    3. School of Vocational and Technological, Dalian Ocean University, Liaoning, Dalian 4116029, China
  • Received:2013-06-28 Revised:2013-12-12 Online:2014-09-10 Published:2014-09-10

Abstract:

Applying the traditional methods of Principal Components Analysis and Hierarchical Cluster Methods, the spatial pattern and formation mechanism of human settlement type were explored from the human settlements system perspective using 199 typical residential quarters in Shahekou as the case study. These results showed that: six main affecting factors of urban human settlement in Shahekou, Dalian were identified. 1) The quality of building, neighborhood relations, natural environment, convenient degree of living, the access of light rail transit, and medical and education facilities. 2) Based on the interactions between the relationship of six main affecting factors and different income groups, this article divided Shahekou District into 5 types, which are the poor living quality type for the low-income, balanced living system type for the middle-income, high quality of housing and public facilities type for the high-income, the pleasant natural environment for the high-end groups, and the neighborhood dense type formed on the basis of “danwei”, which caused by historical house allocation policy without free choice. 3) The “homogeneous” agglomeration and “heterogeneous” agglomeration of 5 human settlement types coexist in Dalian Shahekou district. The spatial pattern of “homogeneous” agglomeration is represented by “Ring homogeneous gathering form” meaning three types of human settlement dispersed in three spheres respectively based on the southern coastline as a benchmark, and “homogeneous gathering forms” meaning the third type of human settlement hold together and push into the center of Peace Square Business Circle and Xi'an Road business circle. The spatial pattern of “heterogeneous” represents by “the insertion into internal spheres” heterogeneous region and “broken and mixed type” heterogeneous region. 4) The human settlement spatial pattern in Shahekou is a three-ring spatial pattern structure based on coastline, supplemented by high-income human settlement on the mid-east, mixed heterogeneous human settlement on the mid-west. Finally, this article analyzed the mechanism of human settlement type and spatial pattern from the point of view of the interaction among 5 main subsystems of human settlement system, the 2 main subject subsystems, “mankind” and “social network”, and the 3 main object subsystems to accelerate or slow down the formation process of human settlement classification and spatial pattern.

Key words: human settlement, homogeneous agglomeration, heterogeneous agglomeration, Dalian

CLC Number: 

  • K928.5