SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (10): 1238-1246.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.010.1238

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The Impact of Imbalance of Chinese Goods Trade Structure on the Geo-economic Spatial Pattern

De-you MENG1, Ying-yi MA2, Han WANG2(), Wen-qian KE2   

  1. 1. Henan Collaborative Innovation Center for Coordinating Industrialization, Urbanization and Agriculture Modernization in Central Economic Zone, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou, Henan 450046, China
    2. College of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210023, China
  • Received:2014-05-12 Revised:2014-11-01 Online:2015-10-20 Published:2015-10-25


Under the background of the geo-economic era, the economic cooperation and competition among countries will be the main melody of international relations. Based on the perspective of country’s foreign economic relations in different kinds of import and export trade of the industrial product structure, China’s geo-economic characteristics and the influence are probed in the article. The overall situation of China's industrial products import and export trade is that the country's high import dependence on those countries which are rich in energy resources products and the uneven characteristics of the strong demand of the international market. While in the spatial pattern, a single and relatively stable situation has been showed in country, region, and approach, which may lead China to be a certain bias with other countries on the geo-economics. The index integrated with import of resources products and import and export of manufactured goods reveals that the uppermost factor affecting China's current geo-economic pattern is the export-oriented economy that dominated by import and export of manufactured goods. While the role of import of resources products is inferior to that of manufactured goods, and the effect of oil and iron ore is higher than that of natural gas. In spatial distribution, "area point" geo-economic spatial pattern has been formed by developed countries and its peripheral neighboring countries as well as countries rich in energy resources. China has generally formed a multi-circle hierarchy pattern from the near to the distant. Countries with low correlation lie in them and show a fragmented feature. This pattern indicates that China's geo-political situation is generally stable for some time to come, while in consideration of the accumulation and evolution of many uncontrollable factors, actively exploring and seeking diversified geo-economic space is one of the effective ways to deal with foreign economic contact emergency.

Key words: geo-economics, foreign economic relations, trade structure, China

CLC Number: 

  • F752.8