SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (10): 1272-1279.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.010.1272

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Functional Evolution of Rural Settlement Based on Micro-perspective: A Case Study of Hetaoyuan Village in Yishui County, Shandong Province

Bai-lin ZHANG1,2(),Feng-rong ZHANG1(),Jian ZHOU1,Yan-bo QU3   

  1. 1. School of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    2. School of Management, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, China
    3. School of Public Management, Shandong University of Finance and Economic, Jinan, Shangdong 250014, China
  • Received:2014-04-08 Online:2015-10-20 Published:2015-10-20

Abstract:

The research of the evolution of rural settlement function plays an important role in solving the problems of rural development. With the rapid development of social economy, functions of rural settlement have tended to variety. However, there are few studies of evaluation of rural settlement functions and its driving factors. Based on the remote sensing and GIS technology, this article takes Hetaoyuan village in Yimeng Mountains as an example, and explore an analysis frame work of the evolution of rural settlement functions to study the evolution of rural s ettlement functions through farmers’ livelihoods and inner structure of rural settlements with participatory rural appraisal (PRA). In this study, three functions (daily life function, agricultural productive function and non-agricultural productive function ) are recognized according to actual conditions in Hetaoyuan village. The data employed in this article was collected by household investigation and authoritative interview in 2013. The results are shown as follows. 1) According to the phase characteristics of farmers’ livelihood strategies, the evolution of rural settlement functions in Hetaoyuan village can be divided into three phases, agricultural production-oriented phase (I, 1949-1977), phase of diverse livelihood activities (II, 1978-1999), non-agricultural productive transformed phase (III, 2000-2012). 2) As time goes, livelihood strategies of rural households transformed from farming to farming, livestock breeding and cross-regional non-agricultural employment, and then turned to farming and cross-regional non-agricultural employment. Agricultural production is consistently dominant production function of rural settlement. Courtyard of rural households is used for vegetable planting in phase I, and livestock breeding in phase II, and grain drying and storage in phase III. Overall, there was a lack of land for non-agricultural production in rural settlement. 3) With the achievements of livelihoods, to pursue daily life function of rural settlement is increasing. It can be reflected from the optimized of residential building materials, the extension of daily life space and the renovation of old houses. 4) Currently, farming and cross-regional non-agricultural employment are the main livelihood strategies of rural households. Courtyard of rural households is used for grain drying, and storage room is used to store grain and agricultural implements. That is, agricultural production and life function of rural settlement are very compatible. It is scientific and reasonable to implement rural residential consolidation by considering the multi-function and structure of rural settlements. 5) The idle houses in Hetaoyuan village are caused by young labor force’s seasonal flow between urban and rural areas, and daily life function of these houses exit. Owing to lacking incremental indicators of homesteads, the idled and abandoned homesteads have potentialities in daily life function of rural settlements, which can be the sources of rural reconstruction.

Key words: rural settlement, livelihood, daily life function, agricultural productive function, non-agricultural productive function, Hetaoyuan village