SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (4): 448-455.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.04.448

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Tourism Water Footprint Model and Empirical Analysis

Qun WANG(), Chun-liu WU, Hong-bo DENG, Xing-zhu YANG   

  1. College of National Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241002, China
  • Received:2014-04-14 Accepted:2014-07-16 Online:2015-04-20 Published:2015-04-20


Water footprint can reflect the occupancy of water resources in human consumption at a region. The sustainable utilization of tourism water resources is an important precondition to insure tourism sustainable development. Based on the theory and method of water footprint concept model proposed by G?ssling, the article built the water footprint measure model of tourism destination. The measure model contains tourist accommodation, catering, transport, entertainment and ecological water footprint with the perspective of the combination of real and virtual water. Taking Huangshan scenic area as an example, the authors calculated and analysed the tourism water footprint. The results show that: 1) During the period of 2002-2012, the total water footprint of Huangshan scenic area increased from 551.15×104m3 to 909.40×104m3, which is showing a tendency of rising in the occupancy of water resources. 2) Catering, transport, accommodation, ecological water footprint accounted for 59.86%, 25.75%, 12.07% and 2.32% of total water footprint respectively, which reflect the change trend of the catering water footprint roughly in line with the change trend of total water footprint. 3) The virtual water is the main constitute part of scenic water footprint, mainly catering and transport water footprint, an average of about 85.47% of the total. Accommodation and ecological water footprint consist mostly in real water footprint, an average of about 14.53% of the total. 4) The water resources pressure index of Huangshan scenic area increased from 0.62 in 2002 to 1.02 in 2012, real water footprint pressure index from 0.53 in 2002 to 0.87. Tourist numbers growth is the direct cause of scenic water resources pressure increasing year by year.

Key words: water footprint of tourism, measure model, water resource pressure, Huangshan scenic area

CLC Number: 

  • F592.99