SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 565-574.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.05.565

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Spatio-temporal Evolution Characteristics of Urbanization Spatial Differentiation in Northeast China

Jing GAN1,2(), Fu-you GUO1, Cai CHEN1, Ji-sheng LIU1(), Zheng LI1   

  1. 1.College of Geographical Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024,China
    2.College of Tourism and Geography, Jilin Normal University, Siping, Jilin 136000,China
  • Received:2014-01-04 Revised:2014-05-01 Online:2015-05-20 Published:2015-05-20

Abstract:

Taking the 34 cities of the Northeast China as the research object, from the 4 dimensions, this article comprehensive built a new measurement index system of urbanization in the Northeast China. Based on temporal analysis, panel data analysis and spatial analysis methods, the article analyzed the evolution characteristics of urbanization spatial differentiation in the Northeast China since 2000. The results showed that: 1) Investment and consumption are the dominant forces for the urbanization in the Northeast China, but its urbanization had the dual natures which were the “top-down” and “bottom-up”; 2) The urbanization was still in the stage of low level, and its development pattern belonged to the vulgar, low efficiency; 3) The differentiation characteristics of urbanization were significant no matter what was the whole or the subsystem of urbanization, such as the whole urbanization was increasing from north to south from 2000 to 2008, descending from 2008 to 2012, which had the consistent change characteristics with the population urbanization and the distinct changeable characteristics with the economy urbanization, society urbanization, space urbanization; 4) The differentiation characteristics in both of the east-middle-west and between coastal and inland in Northeast China were obvious, and both of them had the scheduling characteristics. Finally, the article studied the mechanism of spatial differentiation of the urbanization in Northeast China, which included natural condition, the upgrading of the industrial structure, traffic conditions and the function of the government regulation and system constraints, and found that the differential degree of urbanization between the north region and the south region in the Northeast China is narrowing mainly due to the evolution cycle theory of regional development.

Key words: urbanization, spatial differentiation, spatial-temporal evolution, entropy method, Northeast China

CLC Number: 

  • F291.1