SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (6): 749-755.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2015.06.749

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Evaluation and Analysis on Spatial Differences of Urbanization Quality of Henan Province

Hai-chao LUO1,2(), Guo-Liang LI2   

  1. 1. Henan Institute of Science and Technology,Xinxiang, Henan 453003,China
    2.Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development /College of Environment & Planning,Henan University,Kaifeng, Henan 475001,China
  • Received:2014-02-16 Revised:2014-05-18 Online:2015-06-20 Published:2015-06-20


China’s urbanization process and urban construction have taken a notable achievement in the past 30 years since the reform and opening-up. At present, the Chinese urbanization has entered a new stage. The urbanization speed is fast in recent years in China, but China’s urbanization level is still lower than the average level of the world, especially the urbanization quality is low. The high-speed urbanization which develops healthily will have to face many severe problems. We must pay attention to construction of healthy urbanization while paying attention to the urbanization speed. This paper presents urbanization coordination development is very important to construction of healthy urbanization. This paper decomposes composite urbanization into four parts, namely population urbanization, economic urbanization, land urbanization and social urbanization. With further consideration, the four parts must be in the coordination coupling state, if not that, composite urbanization will be in an un-health state. The technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) method is applied to evaluate the coordination degree of the four categories of urbanization which is the results of decomposition of comprehensive urbanization. Base on the demographic data at a district level, the article analyzed the coordination development and spatial disparities of urbanization in Henan province in 2012, by a comprehensive application of software Excell and IBM MapInfo 20.0. The result shows that: 1) these cities belonged to high grade coordinated category include Jiyuan, Xinxiang and Jiaozuo. 2) These cities belonged to secondary grade coordinated category include Zhengzhou, Shangqiu, Luoyang, Anyang, but these cities are backward in land urbanization. 3) These cities belonged to primary coordinated category include Hebi and Luohe, but these cities are backward in social urbanization. It may be the cause that is ignored that sufficient supply of public service, when urban develop rapidly. 4) These cities belonged to slight disharmony category include Kaifeng, Nanyang, Pingdingshan, Xuchang, Sanmenxia, these cities’ one part in four parts which namely population urbanization, economic urbanization, land urbanization and social urbanization must be specially excellent or terrible. 5) These cities belonged to medium disharmony category include Zhoukou, Xinyang, Puyang, Zhumadian, these cities’land urbanization obviously developed faster than population urbanization, economic urbanization and social urbanization. Excessive land is employed in city construction, to a large extent land is losed. Based experience of world urbanization development, we judge that urbanization in Henan province is in initial stage of rapid expansion as a whole, urbanization in Henan province will keep to develop rapidly in 20 years. Based anticipation of urbanization fast development in Henan province, and urbanization coordination development situation in every city, the paper analyzes the evaluation results and the spatial disparities of evaluation results to provide the basis for regional urban development policy.

Key words: urbanization, Henan Province, coordination development, spatial disparities

CLC Number: 

  • F299.21