SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 424-430.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.03.014

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial and Temporal Difference and Spatial Distribution of Tourism Development in Jilin Province

Linqi Zhu1,2(), Qiuyu Li1, Jisheng Liu1()   

  1. 1.Department of Water Resources and Environment, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
    2. History and Culture College, Changchun Normal University, Changchun 130032, Jilin, China
  • Received:2015-05-08 Revised:2015-12-29 Online:2016-03-20 Published:2016-03-20
  • Supported by:
    Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (14ZZ1216), National Natural Science Foundation of China (41471111), Jilin Provincial Education Department of Science and Technology, Social Sciences, "the Twelfth Five Year Plan" ([2015]267)

Abstract:

Based on the method of econometrics, taking 9 prefectures and cities in Jilin Province as regional study unit, we analyze the tourism overall level, the spatial and temporal characteristics of tourism development in Jilin Province in 2002`2013. The results show that the status of tourism industry and its contribution to the economic development are increasing in Jilin Province. Although the relative difference of tourism development among the regions has narrowed down, the absolute difference is keeping expanding. The reason is that Jilin Province attaches great importance to the development of tourism and takes tourism as a strategic emerging industries and an important way to develop economy, transform development mode, optimize the industrial structureand improve the livelihood of the people. Therefore, tourism is rapidly developing for each region. However,because of the difference of tourism resources, traffic location, economic base and tourism economy, the absolute difference of tourism development in cities and counties is still widening, and spatial difference of tourism development is outstanding. The spatial agglomeration degree is high, but there is a tendency to develop in dispersed direction, the decline of space agglomeration degree can be attributed to the development of tourism industry in Yanbian, Baishan, Tonghua which is gradually weakening the layout of Changchun and Jilin as a single core circle. To realize the coordinated development of tourism, each region should suit one's measures to local conditions, and strive for the division of labor, the characteristics, the advantages, more benefits in whole tourism space layout. Based on the results of measurement and analysis, this article puts forward the spatial structure of "dual core, a group, four groups". Dual core refers to the "Changchun and Jilin" as the core; a group refers to the Central Industrial Tourism Group, consisting of Changchun, Jilin, Siping, Songyuan, Meihekou; four groups refer to the periphery of four major tourism groups: 1) western tourism group containing Baicheng-Song Yuan, 2) southwest tourism group containing Siping-Liaoyuan, 3) central and southern tourism group containing Tonghua-Baishan and 4) Yanji, Hunchun, Tumen River downstream tourism group. Finally, some suggestions are put forward: strengthening the radiation effect of the core area, making a clear regional tourism spatial location,highlighting the ethnic customs and the balanced development of regional tourism industry.

Key words: tourism regional differences, spatial optimization, Jilin Province

CLC Number: 

  • F592.7