SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 1320-1329.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.09.005

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Evolution of Economic Development Level in Northeast China and Its Spatial Differentiation Mode Scince 2003

Jiaoe Wang1,2(), Delin Du2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling/Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
  • Received:2016-04-28 Revised:2016-06-13 Online:2016-09-20 Published:2016-09-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (71541020), Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS.

Abstract:

In recent years, the economic development of Northeast China has come to the new normal state, the overall economic development has grown downward, and the phenomenon has become the focus concerned by researchers and the society. However, the development gap between cities is gradually expanding, and it has become a main barrier for Northeast China to achieve all-round well-off society. As such, this article builds a comprehensive evaluation index system for economic development level by three terms of economic base, economic growth and economic structure. Then the paper comprehensively studies the economic development, spatial differentiation and its evolution of Northeast China over its revitalized 10 years through factor analysis method and ESDA. The results are as follows: 1) Over the past 10 years, the economic development of Northeast China has obtained a certain degree of improvement. But the overall economic development level of Northeast China rises first and then decreases. 2) The economic development of Northeast China is spatially clustered, and the trend is strengthened over time. Meanwhile, the differences of cities on Northeast China are expanding. The northern area of Heilongjiang province is the weakest area of economic development level in Northeast China. 3) The economic development level of the cities whichareold industrial bases has been promoted at a certain degree, while that of the resource-based cities has been declined.The differences of economic development of the resource-based cities are more significant. Among the resource-based cities, the economic development level of the recessionary cities decline seriously, such as Yichun, Hegang, Shuangyashan, Qitaihe and Daxing’anling. At the same time, these cities only belong to the resource-based cities. 4) In terms of the economic development of Northeast China, it shows three kinds of patterns: the core-periphery mode with the core of four megacities, the agglomeration development pattern with the growth axis from Harbin to Dalian, and the mode with the economic development differences between the southern coastal cities to the northern border cities. The economic development of cities located in the axis from Harbin to Dalian or around the four major urban agglomerations is well. In order to impel the development of Northeast China, the government should lower the regional economic development well, and prevent further expanding of differences among these cities. When developing the cities belong to old industrial base constantly, the government should make the reasonable industrial transformation and increase policy support for the resource-based cities especially the recessionary cities, then gradually improve the ability of economic development. The northern are of Heilongjiang Province needs to get more support from the Central government, who should promote its economic development and prevent the gap with other cities to expand further.

Key words: revitalizing Northeast China, spatial pattern, regional disparity, ESDA

CLC Number: 

  • F124