SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 1378-1387.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.09.011

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Evolution Path of the Industrial Base in Northeast China

Linlin Chen1,2(), Fengjun Jin1(), Hui Hong3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. The University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. China International Engineering Consulting Corporation, Beijing 100048, China
  • Received:2016-06-14 Revised:2016-08-23 Online:2016-09-20 Published:2016-09-20
  • Supported by:
    National Nature Sciences Foundation of China (71541019, 41430636, 41571113).

Abstract:

Industrial bases in Northeast China have made outstanding contributions to China’s modernization. However, the industries in this area declined sharply due to variety of reasons, which gradually became a regional problem. Industrial transition must be the key to solve the plight of its economic development. This article constructs an index system of industrial bases identification. From the national scale, it identifies and selects different industrial bases in Northeast China at the year 1985, 2001 and 2010. It then analyses the evolution characteristics of those industrial bases and explores different industrial evolution paths according to their types. Conclusions are as follows: 1) The overall industry status significantly decreased in Northeast China from 1985 to 2010. Most of its industrial bases have single industrial structures, which are dominated by traditional industries. This kind of structure has not undergone substantial changes, especially the equipment manufacturing industry. 2) Industrial bases in Northeast China can be extracted as three types: resource-based, mature and declining. Their industrial structure evolution paths are different, so are the corresponding transition modes. Resource-based industrial bases have maintained a single dominant industry. Their transformation should turn to resources deep processing while exploiting. The main focus of transformation should be on how to strengthen the supporting capability of alternative industries. As a result, this kind of bases would become new raw material bases or extend their industry chains to build comprehensive industrial bodies including energy, basic raw materials and equipment manufacturing. 3) The industry combination of mature industrial bases changed from multi-industry portfolio to double-industry portfolio. Mature industrial bases should continue to rely on industrial parks, developing advanced manufacturing and promoting industrialization by new urbanization. It means to develop modern service industry, improve urban environment and strengthen infrastructure construction. It aims to promote the products-manufacturing industries transforming to service-oriented ones as well as coordinate the development of manufacturing and service industries. 4) The industry combination of declining industrial bases evolved from multi-industry mixed mode to signal industry dominated mode. In the future, the development of declining industrial bases should depend on the division of regional integration, so as to promote their own industry development gradually.

Key words: industrial base, transition, Northeast China

CLC Number: 

  • F129.9