SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (10): 1466-1473.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.10.003

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The Spatial Differentiation of Urban Transition in China with the Model of Gradual Institutional Changes

Yang Yongchun, Song Meina(), Shi Kunbo, Jin Shuting, Wang Meimei, Zhang Weifang   

  1. College of Earth Environmental Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,Gansu,China
  • Received:2016-02-10 Revised:2016-05-20 Online:2016-10-20 Published:2020-09-07
  • Supported by:
    National Nature Science Foundation of China(41571155, 41171143), Supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(lzujbky-2016-246)

Abstract:

Since the implementation of China’s reform and opening-up policy, a hybrid institutional model has gradually evolved and been further refined to drive the country’s modernization and rejuvenation. At the same time, with the development of the model of gradual institutional changes, the city, along with contradictions among urban, resources, environment and economic development, has forced us to deepen institutional reform and transformation. And in the process of the rapid change and transformation of cities, the institution plays a quite important role in the development of urban transition, which often includes the indicators of labor, enterprise, foreign investment, etc. Based on these indicators, we build an index system which includes four dimensions, and undertake research on the results and effects of institution transformation. By the means of spatial interpolation, regression analysis and synthesis of spatial data and the date from 2003 to 2013, we conducted a comprehensive measure for the level of Chinese urban transformation under the influence of a gradual institution in the 286 prefectures of China. The results showed that: 1) From 2003 to 2013, the results and effects of institution transformation all decrease from the east coast to the inland areas in the space. In terms of time, the effects vary from scattered in 2003 to linear spread in 2008, and there is a tendency to become planar extension in 2013. 2) With urban agglomeration becoming the new regional unit participating in international competition and the division of labor, the institutional changes of its surrounding areas are typical representative. The institutional results and effects of its surrounding areas are significant and meet the Concentric Zone Theory, which present the law of diminishing circle from the center to the periphery. 3) The high centers are mostly single cities, especially the capital cities in the central and western regions, except Chengdu-Chongqing Urban Agglomeration. And part of them have a relationship with large-scale development of natural resources. 4) The effects are largely correlated with the result of institution change and the correlation is becoming more and more significant with the passage of time.

Key words: measurement of institutional transition, transition effect, spatial distribution pattern, Inverse Distance Weighted, regions at the prefectural level

CLC Number: 

  • F127