SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (11): 1661-1669.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.11.008

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects Decomposition and Theoretical Mechanism of Urbanization Influencing Energy Consumption in China

Kaiming Cheng1(), Yafei Zhang1, Long Chen1   

  1. School of Statistics and Mathematics, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou 310018, Zhejiang, China
  • Received:2015-12-28 Revised:2016-03-14 Online:2016-11-10 Published:2016-11-10
  • Supported by:
    National Nature Science Foundation of China (71373240),Humanities and Social Science Research Fund of Ministry of Education (13YJA630012),Philosophy and Social Sciences Fund in Zhejiang Province (13ZJQN005YB),Modern Business Research Center Planning of Zhejiang Gongshang University and 2011 Collaborative Innovation Center Planning of Zhejiang Province (15SMGK03Z).


In order to explore effects of urbanization on energy consumption in China, the Spatial Dubin Model is used to analyze the influence of urbanization on energy intensity according to panel data in 2000-2012. After the spatial spillover effect is estimated, the total effects are decomposed to direct effects and indirect effects by partial differentiation. Results show that urbanization is an importance factor on the increase of energy intensity and the influence indicate obvious difference among three regions. Indirect effects of urbanization influencing energy intensity are significantly positive for all provinces. But direct effects are not obvious and present different patterns among three regions. Then theoretical mechanism of urbanization influencing energy consumption is analyzed. The influence of urbanization on energy consumption is the combined action of scale effects, technology effects, structure effects, stage effects and spatial effects. The direct effects of urbanization affecting energy consumption are the result of scale effects, technological effects, structural effects and stage effects, including direct and indirect paths. The indirect effects of urbanization affecting energy consumption are mainly derived from spillover effects between the regions. The results of this article show that urbanization plays an important role in the growth of energy consumption. Nowadays, Chinese government is accelerating the pace of urbanization, which may need more energy demand. Thus, studying the relationship between urbanization and energy consumption is very important to draw up urbanization planning and energy policy. Some recommendations are put forward to promote economic transformation and upgrading, accelerate the construction of ecological civilization. The following research will pay more attention to the nonlinear effects of urbanization on energy intensity and the effects of different types of city on energy consumption, which can provide constructing suggestions for government policy.

Key words: urbanization, energy intensity, spatial Dubin model

CLC Number: 

  • K902