SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 92-101.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.01.011

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Evolutional Relationship Between Industrialization and Urbanization Under Environmental Constraints in China: DEA Analysis Perspective

Qingxi Wang1(), Sui Qian1, Yao Pang1   

  1. 1.Research Center of Technological Innovation and Enterprise Internationalization, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310023, Zhejiang, China
  • Received:2016-03-14 Revised:2016-07-03 Online:2017-01-15 Published:2017-01-15
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (71103160, 71303218,71473224), Humanity and Social Science Foundation of Chinese Ministry of Education (15YJA790058), Key Soft Science Foundation of Zhejiang Department of Science and Technology (2014C25001).


Industrialization is the main driving force of China's urbanization. With the development of China's economy, its role needs to be reexamined. In this article, we investigate the dynamic relationship between industrialization and urbanization at provincial level in China with DEA framework. Using data on Chinese provincial industrialization, urbanization and pollution in 2001-2012, based on the index models of Malmquist and Malquist-Luenberger, we calculate conventional and environmental efficiency valuesof industrialization and relevant efficiency change indexes. Further, we analysis the effects of major influencing factorson these indexes, including economic growth, industrial development, economic openness and environmental protection. We find that: firstly, from the whole point of view, conventional and environmental urbanization efficiency is decreasing with the development of economy and the deepening of industrialization. So, under the current situation, it is not advisable to promote urbanization by encouraging industrialization on a national level. Secondly, the urbanization policy depends on regional circumstances. Eastern region has limited capacity to promote urbanization by industrialization. It should seek driving forces for urbanization other than manufacturing industry, such as service industry. Central region should adjust their developing strategy. It should alter the extensive mode of development to the intensive, and reduce resource consumption in industrial production. Western region still has space to accommodate urbanization growth with the help of industrialization. It is still feasible to elevate urbanization level through the development of industrialization. Thirdly, the analysis of tobit panel data model indicates that there exist two mechanisms in the urbanization process. The first one may be called “negative effect mechanism” and the second one may be called “positive feedback mechanism”. In the earlier stage of industrialization, the negative effect mechanism plays the leading role and makes the urbanization efficiency decrease. In the later stage of industrialization, the positive feedback mechanism takes part in and makes the urbanization efficiency increase through stimulating the development of service industry. Since the function of negative effect mechanism is inevitable, it needs to play role of externalities produced by industrialization to maximize the urbanization outputlevel. Fourthly, to realize the low-carbon developmentof urbanization, provincial governmentshould shift the development way of industrialization and economy, change the composition of foreign trade, and improve the performance of investment on pollution regulation.

Key words: industrialization, urbanization, efficiency analysis, environmental constraints

CLC Number: 

  • F291.1