SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (2): 190-199.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.02.004

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Chinese Industrial Structure and Its Regional Disparity Based on the Data of Chinese Top 500 Enterprises

Yexi Zhong1(), Lin Chen1(), Jie Huang1   

  1. 1.College of Geography and Environment / Jiangxi Institute of Economic Development, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, Jiangxi, China
  • Received:2016-04-01 Revised:2016-07-25 Online:2017-02-25 Published:2017-02-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Sciences Foundation of China(41561025)

Abstract:

Chinese top 500 enterprises are the concentrated reflection of Chinese outstanding enterprises, which determine the development direction of Chinese future industry and even economy. On the basis of ‘Chinese top 500 enterprises’ data derived from Fortunechina.com, and having taken the number of enterprises and operating incomes as the main assessment index, this article analyzed the characteristics of industrial structure and regional distribution of Chinese top 500 enterprises by statistics, and then probed into the spatial pattern of provincial industrial structure. There were three key findings.First, during the period of 2009-2014, a declining trend has showed in the proportion of listed companies and its operating incomes of manufacturing industry, but manufacturing industry still dominant in the 13 kinds of industries, and even be the indispensable pillar of Chinese economy. Another four industries like financial, construction, wholesale and retail trade and real estate, have a strong momentum of development and shoulder the burden of leading industries. As a technology-intensive industry, information transmission and software industry has some difference with the above industries. For instance, it has a low proportion of listed enterprises and operating incomes, while the proportion trends to rise again in the recent three years. So the information transmission and software industry can be regarded as the pioneer industry, and have the possibility to be the leading industryin the future spell. The second finding is that the geographical concentration of Chinese top 500 enterprises upgrades continuously, specifically, the concentration areas of Chinese top 500 enterprises are mainly in eastern region, especially in Beijing City, Shanghai City and Guangdong Province, and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The last key finding is about spatial pattern of provincial industrial structure, which manifests that industrial structure tends to be diverse, simplified and single which distributed in ladder pattern, and that there is a great gap in the proportion of provincial manufacturing industry and enterprises belonging to services industry tend to concentrate in eastern provinces. Meanwhile, it is palpable of the disparity between provincial benefit of industrial structure. At the end of the article, some feasible measures are advised to out of the dilemma suffered by Chinese industry, likely, attach equal importance to producer services and strategic emerging industry, which could guide the industry to climb to the high-end of the value train and further upgrade the industrial structure.

Key words: Chinese top 500 enterprises, industrialstructural, the pillar of economy, geographical concentration, industrial structural index

CLC Number: 

  • K902