SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (2): 244-251.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.02.010

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial Distribution Characteristics of Rural Place-name Cultural Landscape Based on GIS Approach in Chengde

Baisheng Sun1(), Cuien Guo1, Yitian Yang1, Wei Ge1   

  1. 1.College of Resources and Environmental Science, Hebei Normal University for Nationalities, Chengde 067000, Hebei, China
  • Received:2016-04-20 Revised:2016-08-19 Online:2017-02-25 Published:2017-02-25
  • Supported by:
    Scientific Research Project of Higher Schools of Hebei Province (Z2015080), Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (C2015101020), Science and Technology support project of Chengde city (2015035), Hebei Normal University for Nationalities (FY201523)

Abstract:

With the help of statistical analysis of the number of place-name and spatial smoothing analysis in GIS based on the point distance operation of mobile search method, this research objectively and accurately reflects the fact that the cultural landscape of rural place-name in Chengde area is rooted in the unique natural&cultural geographical characteristics of it. At the same time, it also reflects the blending&integration of diverse cultures of Chengde area in historical period. The research discovered that there are differences in the spatial distribution of cultural landscape place-name of various categories in Chengde area. The cultural landscape place-name of military activities category are distributed in Weichang County, Luanping County, Chengde County and Pingquan County of Chengde. These areas are just the places of battles and border defences in the history of Chengde. The cultural landscape place-name of economic activities are mainly distributed in Weichang County. Since in the reign of Guangxu in Qing Dynasty, paddocks were opened and farmlands were forbidden, a great number of people bought lands for reclamation to develop agricultural economy. The subsequent economic activities such as stores, power houses, crock kilns, brick kilns, distilleries, oil mills, dye-works, sugar mills and Blacksmith furnaces increased. These activities in this area were much more than other areas and place-name named after these activities were common. The spatial distribution of cultural landscape place-name of buildings category is positively correlated with the rural population density of Chengde area. This is demonstrated by the fact that in the southern area of Chengde where the population density is relatively high, the spatial distribution of cultural landscape place-name of buildings category is basically concentrated. As for the spatial distribution state of cultural landscape place-name of commemoration category, there is no obvious concentration area and they are distributed everywhere, which shows that local people all yearn for a beautiful life. Most of the spatial distribution areas of cultural landscape place-name of Manchu language, Mongolian language and dialects are concentrated in Pingquan County. This fully reflects the regional characteristic of Pingquan that it’s located at the place where different nationalities depend on and interact with each other. Moreover, this demonstrates the brands of the activities between Manchu people, Mongolian people and the Han people while they live together here. From the angle of the spatial diversity of place-name culture, the in-depth characteristics of the culture in Chengde area were further recognized. In today when the traditional culture is disappearing rapidly, applying new methods for the quantitative identification of the spatial distribution characteristics of the cultural landscape of place-name is the basis of the protection&development of the intangible cultural heritage of place-name. It also reflects the features of folk custom in this whole area and the deep historical and cultural background. Its researches reflect the blending of diverse cultures of Chengde area in historical period to some extent. It also has reference significance to the exploration of the protection of the intangible cultural heritage of place-name in Chengde area.

Key words: place-name, cultural landscape, mobile search method, Point Distance Method, spatial smoothing, Chengde

CLC Number: 

  • K901.6