SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (7): 1104-1111.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.07.016

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial and Temporal Distribution Characteristics and Tourism Response of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Shanxi Province

Jianzhong Zhang1,2,3(), Juanjuan Wen1, Jiaming Liu2, He Zhu2   

  1. 1.College of Tourism Management, Jin Zhong University, Jinzhong 030600, Shanxi, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. The Research Center of Jinzhong Culture and Ecology, Jinzhong 030600, Shanxi, China
  • Received:2016-12-14 Revised:2017-06-24 Online:2017-07-20 Published:2017-07-20
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China (13BGL087), Shanxi Province Science Foundation (2016041021-3), SheKeLian Project Foundation of Shanxi Province (SSKLZDKT2015080), Art Science Subject of Cultural Department Foundation of Shanxi Province (2015A09)

Abstract:

Shanxi Province has rich intangible culture in China. Intangible culture is not only historical accumulation, but also energetic culture, Shanxi Province intangible culture tourism is one of the essential parts in tourism development and pillar industry. Tourism industry of Shanxi Province has been changed from initial sightseeing tourism to leisure tourism. A conclusion is drawn by choosing Shanxi Province as a case study from the perspective s of type, spatial distribution, industrial gathering, urban spatial distribution characteristics, tourism response and temporal distribution characteristics: 1) Differentiation is obvious in the types of Shanxi intangible culture heritage. It covers maximum amount of traditional skills on the national level, provincial level of intangible culture heritage programs. Folk custom, traditional dancing, folklore literature has an advantage to upgrade from provincial level to national level as reserve resources. Dagu—Chinese ballad with drum accompaniment and story-telling, mainly in song, with musical accompaniment are both Chinese folk art forms, which are needed to be protected and developed. So does intangible culture heritage program of traditional medicine (including traditional Chinese medicine acupuncture and traditional Chinese medicine preparation). 2) Gathering distribution characteristics are national level distributed in Shanxi Province. Polar nuclei, highly dense , sub dense areas and zonal region are distributed at present. Even state is shown in the distribution of provincial level. 3) Intangible culture heritage is distributed in 11 districts and cities of Shanxi Province, but unbalanced distribution in types and numbers, it presents uneven spatial gathering distribution. 4) Temporal spatial pattern is presented different. The first and second groups of intangible culture heritage are mainly folklore literature, hand-made skills, traditional operas, and traditional arts. They are distributed in Linfen city and Yuncheng city, which are rich in culture. The third and fourth groups of intangible culture heritage are mainly traditional songs and dancing, Chinese traditional medicine, folk customs, which are distributed enlarge and varied. Rich heritage resources has more A-level tourist spots and on the high level; Poor heritage resources has less A-level tourist spots and on the low level. Significant positive correlation is shown in the intangible culture heritage and development of tourism in Shanxi Province.

Key words: Shanxi Province, intangible cultural heritage, spatial and temporal distribution, tourism response

CLC Number: 

  • F590