SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 1552-1559.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.10.012

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spillover Effects and Spatial Differences of Inbound Tourism on Economic Growth in China

Qiuyu Li1(), Linqi Zhu1(), Jisheng Liu2   

  1. 1.History and Culture College, Changchun Normal University, Changchun 130032, Jilin, China
    2.School of Geography Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
  • Received:2016-12-28 Revised:2017-04-05 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-10-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (41471111), Humanities and Social Sciences Research Foundation of Changchun Normal University(20160211)


This article explores the tourism spillover theory and summarizes its generating mechanism into three aspects, respectively, knowledge spillover, market spillover and competitive effect. In empirical analysis, this article constructs a framework including inbound tourism, human capital, material capital, technology innovation and opening to analyze the spillovers of tourism on economic growth, and the empirical test is carried out by using the panel data of 31 provinces in mainland China from 2000 to 2014. Global analysis reveals that the inbound tourism in the neighboring provinces is mainly concentrated and in cooperation state, with a significantly positive spillovers on local economic growth, and the spatial spillover effect is greater than the direct effect; the economic growth effect of inbound tourism is greater in inbound tourism industry developed area than less developed area. Local analysis finds that, the economic growth effect of inbound tourism is constantly strengthened with the development of inbound tourism, the largest increase appear in part of central region. Then, we imply heterogeneous production functions geographically weighted regression model to analyze spatial difference for the impact of inbound tourism on economic growth. It can be learned that the impact of inbound tourism on economic growth has spatial difference. It can be divided into four intervals and presents spatial distribution law of gradient decrement from the East to the West, of which the contribution of eastern coastal area is largest, and the northwest region is relatively small. At last, based on the above conclusions, we promote the corresponding policy recommendations for strategies of China’s inbound tourism and regional economic growth. For the future development of inbound tourism, on one hand the government should continue to vigorously develop inbound tourism, improve the tourism industry development level and the level of entry tourism development, accelerate transformation and upgrading of the structure of inbound tourism industry, and further reform to stimulate its huge development potential. It should be done to encourage inbound tourism from the fusion industry to cross-border integration, through integration with other industries to absorb new mode of operation, management ideas and capital strength, break the traditional profit pattern of only relying on the internal tourism. At the same time, we should encourage strong tourism enterprises, travel management company and tourism brand to carry out provincial operations, improve inter product competitiveness of provincial tourism and comprehensive strength, and make more contribution to economic growth in China. On the other hand, the development of Chinese inbound tourism must be carried out to a more comprehensive and in-depth analysis from the perspective of new economic geography, further eliminate market barriers between different provinces, accelerate cooperation and docking of China's inbound tourism market, and open up more space for the rise of spatial spillover effect of inbound tourism.

Key words: inbound tourism, economic growth effect, tourism spillover theory, spatial difference

CLC Number: 

  • F59