SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 11-19.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.01.002

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Access to Housings and Home-work Separation of Moderate to Low-income Residents in Beijing Under the Market-oriented Transition

Yan Zhang1(), Zhilin Liu2()   

  1. 1.The Institute of Beijing Studies, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China
    2.School of Public Policy and Management of Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2017-04-18 Revised:2017-07-25 Online:2018-01-10 Published:2018-01-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41771185, 41571153);Beijing Social Science Foundation (15JDCSB005);Premium Funding Project for Academic Human Resources Development in Beijing Union University(BPHR2017DZ10)

Abstract:

In developed and developing countries alike, scholars have endeavored to theorize and test the impacts of urban spatial restructuring—from city-scale suburbanization to neighborhood-scale land use change—on individual commuting and daily travel behaviour. This article tried to provide empirical evidences of residential mobility and home-work links of the moderate to low-income urban residents in Beijing. Based on a 492 household surveys of nine typical neighborhoods which were mainly located in the traditional city centre as well as suburban districts, we compared home-work links and commuting pattern among different moderate to low-income groups, using the measurement of home-work distance and commuting time. Specifically, we used regression models to examine the impacts of institutional factors (such as access to housing, affordable housing policy, different types of work units, HUKOU, home ownership, gender etc.) on low-income residents' job accessibility. The results firstly showed that those who worked for state-owned enterprises (SOE) and these who worked for other non-SOE enterprises, compared to these worked in administrative institution and public sectors, experienced significantly longer home-work separation, which reflected the legacy of DANWEI. Secondly, as to the residential move opportunity, these who were relocated by the governmental housing program tend to endure greatest home-work separation while these who moved by personal reasons had shorter home-work distance. As we expected, those who lived in the suburban neighborhoods had significant worse job accessibility than their counterparts lived in inner city. Thirdly, these who had Beijing HUKOU, who were not household head, male commuters had longer home-work distance. Besides, we found that there was a significant positive correlation between personal monthly salary and home-work distance, which suggested that the job market began to play an important role. Finally, we pointed out special attentions should be paid to the spatial implications of low-income residents’ job accessibility and employment outcomes after passive relocation of their homes as well as their work units.

Key words: market transition, access to housings, home-work link, moderate to low-income, Beijing

CLC Number: 

  • K901.2