SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): 531-538.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.04.006

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial and Temporal Differences of Urban Residential Quarter Floor Area Ratio: A Case Study of Four Districts in Dalian

Xueming Li1,2(), Dahao Zhang1(), Shenzhen Tian1, He Sun1, Miao Wang1   

  1. 1. School of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    2. Centre for Marine Economy and Sustainable Development Research, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning,China
  • Received:2017-06-02 Revised:2017-10-16 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2018-04-20
  • Supported by:
    [National Natural Science Foundation of China (41671158, 41171137), Ph.D. Programs Foundation of Ministry of Education (20132136110001), Supported by Program for Liaoning Excellent Talents in University (LR2013050).]

Abstract:

Floor area ratio not only exerts great an impact on urban building density, architecture capacity and land utilization, but also has a great significance to the urban planning and the development of regional economy. In this article, taking the four districts of Dalian as an example, integrates cadastral survey data of cities and towns with Internet property data as basic data, by ArcGIS software creating the spatial distribution of residential quarter points. The research towards the time evolution and spatial distribution of residential quarters floor area ratio, utilizes the Theil index to calculate the spatial difference quantificational measurement index. Ultimately, it illustrates the mechanism of the spatial difference of floor area ratio of the residential quarters. The result shows that: 1) During 1992 to 2016, the number of resident quarter in Dalian is the largest during the period of sustainable development, the average of floor area ratio depicts the upward trend of fluctuation. 2) The floor area ratio of the residential quarters presents uniformity and fragmentation as a whole. Moreover, it partially shows chaos and complexity as well. The difference of floor area ratio of the eastern residential quarters is larger than western parts. 3) The highest quantificational measurement index of spatial difference is 0.831 in Zhongshan District, compared to the lowest one in Ganjingzi District, which is 0.125. Besides, the distribution of Xigang District is the most familiar to overall layout of four districts. The differentiation index of extremely low space of floor area ratio is the highest, the differentiation index of floor area ratio is from bipolar to the middle in descending order. The spatial difference of floor area ratio of residential quarter in Dalian mainly embodies within the area, which plays a dominate role in study area. 4) The main reasons of the spatial difference of residential quarter floor area ratio are the restrictions of the underlying surface properties on construction of residential areas; the excellent locational direction to the types of residential quarters; the orientation of urban planning to the land utilization; the relativity between the differential land rent and floor area ratio; and the influence of residential construction cost to floor area ratio.

Key words: floor area ratio, residential quarter, Theil index, Dalian

CLC Number: 

  • K903