SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (7): 1069-1078.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.07.008

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Measurement and Spatial Differentiation of Urbanization Development in the Siberian and Far East Federal Districts in Russia

Nanchen Chu1,2(), Pingyu Zhang1(), He Li1, Xin Li1   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy Sciences, Changchun 130102, Jilin, China
    2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-03-16 Revised:2018-05-05 Online:2018-07-20 Published:2018-07-20
  • Supported by:
    National Science and Technology Basic Project of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2017FY101303-1), National Natural Science Foundation of China (41571152,41771179), The Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (ZDRW-ZS-2017-4-3-4, ZDBS-SSW-SQC)

Abstract:

This paper studied the urbanization development level and its spatial differentiation of the Siberian and Far East federal districts in Russia. The paper first built an index system to evaluate the urbanization development level of Siberian and Far East federal districts. Then based on the comprehensive weighting method of entropy weight and variation coefficient, this paper calculated the urbanization development levels with regard to the population, economic and social aspects during 2005-2015. The results are as following. First, the comprehensive urbanization development level of Siberian and Far East federal districts has increased from 2005 to 2015. The urbanization development levels of the population, economic, and social aspects in Siberian federal district are all higher than those of Far East federal district. The population urbanization levels of the Siberian and Far East federal districts have decreased. Both the urbanization levels of the economic and social aspects of the two districts have been growing slowly. Second, from 2005 to 2015, the urbanization development levels of most federal subjects are lower than the average level of all the federal subjects. The urbanization development levels of Kemerovo Region, Novosibirsk Region, Altay Territory, Omsk Region, Krasnoyarsk Territory, Primorsky Territory, and Irkutsk Region are higher than the average level of all the federal subjects. Compared with other federal subjects, the urbanization development levels of Magadan Region, and Chukotka Autonomous Area are the lowest. Third, the urbanization development levels of the population, economic, and social urbanization aspects were all spatially imbalanced while taking the Siberian and Far East federal districts as a whole regional area. Spatially, the urbanization development level of the whole area shows a "High West, Low East" spatial pattern. The areas with a high urbanization development level are concentrated in the west of Siberian federal district. The areas with low ones are mostly in the eastern part of the Far East federal district. Finally, we suggested policies and strategies that can boost the growth and development of the population, economy and society of Siberian and Far East federal districts.

Key words: population urbanization, economic urbanization, social urbanization, Siberian and Far East federal districts

CLC Number: 

  • F291.1