SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (7): 1129-1138.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.07.014

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The Socio-spatial Structure of Middle School Education Consumers in Dalian

Zenglin Han1(), Yongshun Xie1, Tianbao Liu1(), Yang Yu2   

  1. 1. Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    2. College of Urban and Environmental, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2017-06-08 Revised:2017-09-12 Online:2018-07-20 Published:2018-07-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41571122)


The equalization with characteristics based on consumers’ differences is an important director for developing compulsory education in following years. Factorial ecological analysis method is used to analyze the survey data of questioned students from 189 middle schools in Dalian City. Five principal factors are extracted and classified into five kinds of middle school consumers. Four kinds of middle school consumers could be divided with the hierarchical cluster analysis methods and concentration index. At last, according to the distribution characteristics of different middle school consumers, it summarized that what is the distribution characteristics of the middle school students’ social space structure in Dalian. The following conclusions can be drawn. 1) There exists a significant difference in spatial structure of middle school students in Dalian, which is shown differently with diversified classification standards. As a whole, it presents such the complex spatial characteristics as the urban and rural division of occupation and the north-south education difference. 2) Given the demand-side, the middle school education consumers in Dalian can be divided into four categories: the first is for children in highly educated and high-income families,the second is for children in urban middle-income families, the third is for children in farmers and migrant workers families, and the forth is for children in the workers and staff families. There are significant differences in the composition of the social groups represented by the students and their students in each type of school, which further leads to the emergence of schools with different characteristics and types. 3) The differences of social groups with a unit of school show obvious spatial distribution characteristics. The core layer, the core of a city, has the schools for children in highly educated and high-income families. The second layer, which is the marginal area and the new urban area of a city, has schools for the children of upper-middle income families and industrial workers as well as office workers. The outer layer where the outlying counties area, has schools for children of farmers and migrant workers.

Key words: compulsory education, consumer, social-space structure, equalization, Dalian

CLC Number: 

  • G522.3