SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (7): 1156-1164.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.07.017

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Heterogeneity for Urban Human Settlements Demand from the Perspective of Multiple Subjects: A Case Study of Kunshan Economic and Technological Development Zone

Yujuan Wang1,2(), Shan Yang1(), Lianxia Wu3   

  1. 1. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu,China
    2.College of Civil Engineering, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Yancheng 224001, Jiangsu, China
    3.Fudan University Center for Population and Development Policy Studies, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2017-07-20 Revised:2017-10-18 Online:2018-07-20 Published:2018-07-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41471135), Social Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China(16SHC004), Science and Technology Project of Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development Ministry, China(2015-R2-007)

Abstract:

Due to pollution, overpopulation, the agglomeration of population and industry, the deterioration of urban human settlements is becoming more and more common. Therefore, many scholars at home and abroad have carried out extensive research on the suitability of urban residence, mainly focusing on the concept, content, influencing factors and evaluation methods of it. On the basis of large sample questionnaire surveys, with series of mathematical statistical analysis tools, this paper explores factor structure, factor loading, orientation types and spatial distribution of human settlements demand under different attributes. The results are as follows:1) Because the characteristics of regional relation, economic income, age, and occupation have the significant impact on the human settlements, the resident subjects can be divided into different types of groups with strong representativeness, of which different groups have different demand orientations according to factor loading intensity and common factor structure. 2) The dimensions of human settlements demand have broken the hierarchy of needs, are mainly embodied in the functional structure of housing conditions, transportation, public facilities, community quality, self-improvement and so on. 3) There are obvious spatial differences in regional human settlements demand, of which the core zone is higher than the fringe zone. The spatial disparities of the quality of human settlements intensify the differences of human settlements demand. Spatial differentiation of human settlements demand in different resident groups determines that urban construction faces different issues in different regions. The supply of resources in the construction of human settlements should match the core needs and spatial distribution of residents. This paper holds that it is very important to guide the classification of regional construction based on the balance of resources supply and demand, and puts forward some policy suggestions on urban planning and construction according to the needs of different groups of human settlements.

Key words: multiple subjects, human settlements demand, heterogeneity, spatial distribution

CLC Number: 

  • K901.2