SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (8): 1328-1336.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.08.015

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Spatial Pattern of China’s Tourism Economic System Mismatch Degree and Its Formation Mechanism

Huiqiang Ma1,2(), Yuchao Lun1, Jianchao Xi2(), Quansheng Ge2   

  1. 1. Faculty of Tourism Management, Shanxi University of Finance and Economics, Taiyuan 030000, Shanxi,China
    2. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-12-25 Revised:2018-03-10 Online:2018-08-20 Published:2018-08-20
  • Supported by:
    Science Foundation of Ministry of Education of China 2016 (16YJC890016), National Social Science Fund 2015 (15BGL116)


The optimal allocation of tourism economic system is the ideal state of regional tourism economic development. This article takes China’s provincial-level administrative regions as the analysis unit. Constructing index system of mismatch evaluation of tourism economic system based on five major subsystems of tourism resources development, tourism industry quality, social system support, investment in public services and ecological environment quality in order to systematically evaluate the mismatch degree of tourism economy and measure the spatial pattern. In addition, use multiple regression model to analyze influential factors. The study found that: in the first place, on spatial pattern of China's provincial administrative region, mismatch of tourism economy is poor and the relative difference in characteristics. Guangdong province, located on the southeast coast, is the lowest degree of mismatch, whereas the inland Ningxia Hui autonomous region is the highest degree of mismatch in all provinces. Secondly, in terms of mismatch types, China's tourism economic mismatch in 2015 was dominated by low mismatch. Furthermore, the main factors that cause the mismatch include tourism resource richness, tourism labor productivity, grade highway network density, Internet penetration rate, forest coverage rate, etc. At last, the main mechanism of spatial disparity in the formation of tourism economic system includes three aspects, that is to say, the basic motivation of tourism resources endowment and development quality, the direct motivation tourism market economy environment, and the external motivation tourism destination public service quality.

Key words: tourism economy system, mismatch degree, health distance model

CLC Number: 

  • F592.7