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SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): 1616-1623.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.10.005

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Space-time Transition of Tourism Economic Growth and Its Convergence in Chinese Mainland

Yelin Fang1(), Zhenfang Huang2, Jinglong Li1, Fang Wang3   

  1. 1. School of Business, Anhui University, Hefei 230601, Anhui, China
    2. College of Geographic Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
    3. School of Zhuxi Culture and Tourism, Anhui Finance & Trade Vocational College, Hefei 230601, Anhui, China
  • Received:2017-09-07 Revised:2017-11-10 Online:2018-12-12 Published:2018-12-12
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Fundation of China (41601142), Youth Foundation of Humanities and Social Sciences of Education Ministry (15YJC790018), Imported Projects of Academic and Technical Leaders in Anhui University (J10117700056), Training Program for Youth Backbone Teachers in Anhui University (J01005141)

Abstract:

The relationship between the results of time-space evolution and its convergence and divergence should be one of the main directions of human geography in the future. By taking the related data of provincial tourism economy in the Chinese Mainland from 1997 to 2015, comprehensively using the methods of LISA time hopping model, and related quantitative analysis methods, it analyze whether the time-space evolution of provincial tourism economy will lead to convergence phenomenon. The results show that: the relative length of LISA time path in the three major regions of Chinese Mainland presents that the East is larger than the Middle, while the Middle is larger than the West. However, the time path curvature of LISA shows that the Middle is larger than the West, while the West is larger than the East from 1997 to 2015. The time path movement direction of LISA shows that: the spatial pattern of provincial tourism economic development in Chinese Mainland has a weak optimization trend from 1997 to 2015. The spatial cohesion of provincial tourism economy is 0.71 in Chinese Mainland, which reflects the spatial correlation and agglomeration characteristics of provincial tourism economy presenting a high stability situation, and there is a certain path dependence or locking effect. It has a significant δ convergence of provincial tourism economy growth, generally speaking, absolute β convergence is not significant, but it is significant at different time period. In the long run, the absolute β convergence is not significant about tourism economy growth; however, in the short term, absolute β convergence rate appears weak increasing trend. There is a regional differentiation, which the introduction of regional dummy variables has significant influence on conditional β convergence, so it is necessary to introduce other variables for parameter estimation. Regional economy, location and transportation, marketization degree are the main factors that influence the conditional β convergence of provincial tourism economy. There is a downward trend compared with the compound regression coefficient and single regression coefficient, reflecting that the influence factors of tourism economic growth has not well optimized and combined, the external environment still needs to be optimized. There is some relationship between space-time transition and club convergence of provincial tourism economy, and the club convergence of the tourism economy growth in the East and Middle is more obvious. The club convergence will lead to the reduction of the gap in the groups, but the gap between groups will increase. Therefore, the cross regional tourism cooperation, which will break geographical location, needs to be strengthened in the future.

Key words: provincial tourism economy, space-time transition, δconvergence')">δconvergence, β convergence;

CLC Number: 

  • F59