SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2014-2023.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.12.009

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial-temporal Patterns and Coordination of Manufacturing Scale and Structure in China During 1998-2013

Jianxin Li1(), Yongchun Yang1,2(), Xiaorong Jiang3, Baojun Wang1, Wei Zhang1,4   

  1. 1.School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Western China' s Environmental Systems, Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China;
    3. College of Resource and Tourism, Hubei University of Arts and Science,Xiangyang 441053, Hubei, China
    4. School of Tourism, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot 010022, Inner Mongolia, China
  • Received:2017-11-30 Revised:2018-02-01 Online:2018-12-20 Published:2018-12-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41571155), The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (lzujbky-2016-269), Belt and Road Special Project of Lanzhou University (2018ldbryb025).


With the status of "world factory" for China, the coordination between scale and structure of regional manufacturing will be the realistic demand and strategic direction of China's sustainable development in the future. Supported by the research samples of 342 prefecture-level units and enterprise-level data, this article makes a deep analysis on the spatial-temporal characteristics of the coordination for the manufacturing scale and structure in China during the period of 1998-2013 by means of industrial structure up-grade (UPG) index, coordination evaluation model and GIS. The main conclusions of this study are as follows. First, the scale pattern of China's prefecture-level manufacturing industry has always been a core-periphery model oriented by eastern coastal: there is a significant discrepancy in the east and west of ‘Hu Huanyong’ line for the scale, that are the obvious superiorities of three core coastal urban agglomerations (including “the Yangtze River Delta(YRD)”, the “Bohai rim” and “the Pearl River Delta (PRD)”) and the smallest scale of southwest, northwest and Qinghai-Tibet region. Second, there is no obvious gradient attenuation in the spatial pattern of the UPG index, while it showed a mosaic mixed distribution model with an evident decline in traditional heavy industrial bases such as northeast, middle reaches of the Yellow River and a consecutive upgrade in the eastern coastal area especially YRD, PRD, and Shandong Peninsula. Third, it’s an increasing positive correlation between the manufacturing scale and UPG, but their coordination degree has always been at a low level with the transition from moderately unbalanced phase of 1998 to the verge of maladjustment phase in 2013 and the spatial feature for its growth pattern a stepped decrease from the east to the central part then to the west.

Key words: manufacturing scale, manufacturing structure, UPG index, coordination of manufacturing scale and structure, China

CLC Number: 

  • K902