SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 116-124.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.01.013

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A Regional Economic Resilience Approach to the Economic Revitalization Process in Liaoning Old Industrial Base, China

Liangang Li1,2,Pingyu Zhang1,2(),Juntao Tan3,Haoming Guan4   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy Sciences, Changchun 130102, Jilin, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. School of Geography, Geomatics and Planning, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China
    4. School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
  • Received:2018-01-16 Revised:2018-04-05 Online:2019-01-10 Published:2019-01-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41571152、41771179、41601124);135 Planning and Featured Services Projects of IGA, Chinese Academy of Sciences(Y6H2091001,IGA-135-04);The Key Deployment Projects of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(ZDBS-SSW-SQC)

Abstract:

The concept of regional economic resilience has unique theoretical value for analyzing the evolution of old industrial bases. The article divided the economic cycle of Liaoning old industrial base in 1990-2015 according to the economic growth rate, and constructed a counterfactual function to measure the economic resistance and recoverability of the urban and sub-industry in different stages, revealed the evolution characteristics of regional economic resilience, and reflected the economic revitalization process of Liaoning old industrial base. There were three main findings. First, there was a negative correlation between resistance and recoverability in the same economic cycle, the cities with low resistance were recovering well in the course of subsequent economic revitalization, and there was a 'creative destruction' process. Second, the regional economic resilience was an evolving process, the level of regional resistance to shock was influenced by the recoverability of the previous economic cycle, the shock and the process of recovery itself may lead to change in the region’s economic structure and functions, and these in turn will influence the region’s resistance to subsequent shocks, in other words, resilience both influenced the evolution of regional economies and itself evolved. Third, the economic revitalization process of the Liaoning old industrial base experienced a recession-recovery-decline process, and the process presents an inverted 'N' type, the level of resistance to disturbance was low in Liaoning old industrial base, the secondary industry was more vulnerable to shocks and the tertiary industry had relatively high resistance. Liaoning old industrial base had path dependence and institution locking phenomenon, and the structural-system problem was serious. Liaoning’s economic development relied excessively on traditional heavy-chemical industry, and the development of new strategic industries and modern service industry was slow. Aiming at the regular characteristics of the evolution process of the old industrial base, the paper put forward some suggestions for the economic revitalization of Liaoning old industrial base.

Key words: regional economic resilience, resistance, recoverability, Liaoning old industrial base, economic revitalization in Northeast China

CLC Number: 

  • K902