SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (3): 377-386.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.03.003

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Spatial Evolution and Influencing Factors of Industrial Resource and Environmental Efficiency in China

Xueqin Lin1(), Yiming Guo1, Dai Wang2   

  1. 1.College of Resources Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
    2.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2018-01-10 Revised:2018-04-06 Online:2019-03-10 Published:2019-03-10
  • Supported by:
    Youth Program of the Humanities and Social Science Research of Ministry of Education (16YJC790056), National Natural Science Foundation of China (41430636), General Project of Beijing Municipal Education Commission (KM201710028015)

Abstract:

In this paper, we construct the evaluation index system of industrial resource efficiency and environmental efficiency by using the hybrid directional distance function model, build an influencing factors model of industrial resource and environmental efficiency based on spatial effect to analyze the spatial evolution characteristics and influencing factors of industrial resource and environmental efficiency in China(Hongkong Macau and Taiwan are excluded) in 2006 and 2015. The results show that: 1) Industrial resource efficiency is generally low and has decreased for many years. The spatial differentiation is transformed from ‘balanced distribution’ to ‘west high east low’, and the resource efficiency has positive spatial correlation and the degree of correlation has been improved. 2) Industrial environmental efficiency is generally low and has a slight decline for many years, the spatial differentiation shows an ‘H’ pattern in general, and the positive spatial correlation effect of environmental efficiency is significant. 3) Industrialization level and environmental regulation are negatively correlated with resource efficiency; opening to the outside world has a positive correlation with the resource efficiency, but the effect becomes not significant gradually; there is a significant positive correlation between production level and resource efficiency. 4) Opening to the outside world has a significant positive correlation with environmental efficiency, but the effect gradually becomes not significant; environmental regulation has a significant negative correlation with environmental efficiency, the effect becomes gradually not significant; the production level has a significant positive correlation with environmental efficiency, and the increase in the number of industrial enterprises, especially large and medium-sized enterprises, has a significantly negative correlation with the environmental efficiency.

Key words: industrial resource efficiency, industrial environmental efficiency, spatial evolution, influencing factors, China

CLC Number: 

  • F129.9