SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (3): 415-423.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.03.007

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China’s State-level Economic and Technological Development Zones and the Industrial Spatial Pattern Evolution: Empirical Research Based on Panel Data of Prefecture Level Cities

Shanzhu Cai(), Lin Lu()   

  1. School of Geography and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, Anhui, China
  • Received:2018-01-12 Revised:2018-06-11 Online:2019-03-10 Published:2019-03-10
  • Supported by:
    Major Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (41230631)


The spatial and temporal pattern of state-level economic and technological development zones is basically consistent with that of China's opening-up strategy. It is of practical significance for the scientific development of China's economic and technological development zones and their industries to strengthen the research on the space-time pattern of national economic and technological development zones and their industries. In this article, the number of state-level economic and technological development zones and the panel data of leading industries in prefecture-level cities from 1989 to 2015 were selected, and exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA) was applied to exploring the evolution characteristics of state-level economic and technological development zones and their industrial spatial patterns. Study found that China's national economic and technological development zones: 1) development has 4 stages: the exploration stage (1984-1989), the promotion stage (1990-1999), perfecting stage (2000-2009) and upgrade stage (2010-2015), and the spatial pattern of evolution of the corresponding showed 4 space forms of point axis structure, T type structure, a PI type structure and network structure; the six patterns of spatial pattern evolution are "point-line-surface" diffusion, gradient diffusion, grade diffusion, neighborhood diffusion, agglomeration diffusion and upgrade diffusion. The spatial correlation presents a fluctuating agglomeration change trend, and the "high-high" agglomeration zone gradually evolves from Qingdao-Yantai to the 3 agglomeration zones in the Yangtze River Delta, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and the coastal area of Fujian Province. 2) The evolution law of the leading industry spatial pattern is: the 5 leading industries (namely equipment manufacturing, communication and electronics, petrochemical industry, food industry and pharmaceutical manufacturing) are relatively concentrated and stable, and the spatial pattern is basically consistent with the 4 forms of spatial pattern changes in the national economic and technological development zone; 5 leading industries of spatial agglomeration were characterized by: the equipment manufacturing industry is still gathering momentum, which in 1999 and 2015 were at the 0.01 level significant agglomeration, those in 1989 and 2009 at the 0.1 level significant agglomeration, the rest were in "from dispersion to agglomeration" situation, including pharmaceutical manufacturing, communications, electronic and petrochemical industry in 2015 with the 0.01 level significant agglomeration. All illustrated the 5 leading industries were more concentrated in 2015. 3) The spatial pattern evolution of the 3 types of industries was basically the same as that of the national economic and technological development zones; The spatial agglomeration of the industries showed an overall "N-type" change trend, in which the technology-intensive and labor-intensive industries were fluctuating agglomeration trend, and the capital-intensive industries showed a "decentralization—agglomeration—decentralization—agglomeration" change trend. From the perspective of the significance of agglomeration, technology-intensive industries were significantly agglomerated at the level of 0.01 in 1999 and 2015, and at the level of 0.1 in 2009. Capital-intensive industries were significantly concentrated at the level of 0.01 in 2015. Labor-intensive industries gathered significantly at the level of 0.05 in 1999, and at the level of 0.1 in 1989 and 2015.

Key words: Economic and Technological Development Zone, spatial pattern, leading industry, ESDA, China

CLC Number: 

  • F127.9