SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (3): 467-476.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.03.013

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The Evolution Process and Driving Mechanism of Automobile Industrial Cluster Network: Taking Chery Cluster as an Example

Xiaofei Chen(), Jianfeng Guo, Zhiqiang Hu, Changhong Miao()   

  1. Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development & Collaborative Innovation Center on Yellow River Civilization of Henan Province, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan,China
  • Received:2017-11-09 Revised:2018-01-15 Online:2019-03-10 Published:2019-03-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41430637,41401133,41671133), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation Funded Project(2017M622332), Henan Province Postdoctoral Science Foundation Funded 2017 Project, Henan Province Research and Development of Soft Science 2018 Project

Abstract:

The theory of the industrial cluster is professional networking based on local agglomeration. Based on the tracking research of Chery Automotive Cluster,the evolution process and driving mechanism of enterprise network were depicted due to the data of enterprise relations in 2005, 2010 and 2014. The study found:1) From 1997 to 2014, cluster networks hadexperienced ‘loose networks-tightnetworks-open networks’ stage. The density and coefficient of clusternetworkswere constantly increasing, and the average shortest paths were decreasing. Among them, industrial connection networkswerethe most mature, and innovation cooperation networkswere the most imperfect. 2) Based onthe ‘selection-genetic-variation’ theory, the evolution mechanism of networks wereessential the results of path dependence mechanism (government function, relationship inheritance), relationship selection mechanism (strategic choice, market selection) and learning innovation mechanisms(technical exchange). In the loose networks, the tight networks and the open networks stage, the path dependence mechanism, the relationship selection mechanism and the learning innovation mechanism played the leading role respectively. 3) The enterprise networksweregradually developing from the local cluster networks to cross-regional and cross-cluster networks, which was consistent with the overall development of the global automotive industry networks.

Key words: ‘Hob-and-Spoke’ cluster;, enterprise networks, Chery Automobile cluster, evolutionary economic geography

CLC Number: 

  • K902