SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (3): 487-495.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.03.015

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Evaluation of Sustainable Urbanization Development in Jilin Province Based on the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals

Yanji Ma1,2(), Xiaoping Ai1,2()   

  1. 1.Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, Jilin, China
    2.College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-01-23 Revised:2018-06-09 Online:2019-03-10 Published:2019-03-10
  • Supported by:
    Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA19040500)

Abstract:

Combined with 2030 Sustainable Development Goals to construct the index system of sustainable urbanization development (SUD) from economy, society, resources and environment aspects, we use entropy method to calculate the level of SUD in Jilin Province from 2003 to 2016. Cluster analysis method is used to classify the level of SUD, as well as to classify the level of every subsystem. Compared the level of SUD in Jilin Province with those of Liaoning Province and Heilongjiang Province, this article analyzed the reasons for differences between the SUDs in Jilin Province, Liaoning Province and Heilongjiang Province. The result shows as following. 1) The level of SUD in Jilin Province was fluctuating and the trend for development was well. 2) The SUD in Jilin Province was roughly divided into 3 stages: The first stage is from 2003 to 2008, which is a steady rise phase. The second stage was from 2009 to 2012, which was a period of rapid rise. The third stage is from 2013 to 2016, which was a phase of decline. During the study period, each subsystem showed an upward trend, among which the social subsystem rised the largest while the economic subsystem the smallest. The spatial pattern of the SUD in Jilin Province was “core-periphery” — the level of Changchun City was high and the level of other regions were low. The spatial layout of the economic, social and environmental subsystems are “high in the middle and east, low in the west”— the high value area in the middle was Changchun, but the high value areas in the east were slightly different. The resource subsystem is “high in the east, low in other regions” — the high value is in Baishan City. Compared with the SUD in the 3 provinces in Northeast China, during the study period, the level of sustainable urbanization development in Jilin Province was lower than that in Heilongjiang, and higher than that in Liaoning after 2015. Compared with the Liaoning Province and Heilongjiang Provinces, the development of the development of the social subsystem was the worst.

Key words: 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, the level of sustainable urbanization development, Jilin Province

CLC Number: 

  • F129.9