SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 541-549.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.04.003

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial Layout of Port Bulk Commodity Markets in China

Diansheng Li1,2(), Huan Zhang1, Aiying Gao3   

  1. 1. College of Economics, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, Shandong, China
    2. Marine Development Research Institute, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, Shandong, China
    3. Scientific Research Institute, Ministry of Transport, Beijing 100017, China
  • Received:2018-01-12 Revised:2018-05-25 Online:2019-04-10 Published:2019-04-10
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China (15BJL103)


By way of the multi-factor comprehensive evaluation method, the suitability of establishing bulk commodity trading markets in 35 ports above the designated size is evaluated from 4 aspects such as levels of logistics, finance, information and e-commerce, and port city opening-up, the results of which are used to select 20 ports proper for establishing bulk commodity trading markets. Then the gravity p-median model is used to calculate the appropriate size and type for ports to set up the bulk commodity trading market. The results show that: 1) Coastal ports have more advantages in developing the port bulk commodity trading market. 2) The spatial distribution of the port bulk commodity trading markets is characterized by "regional aggregation", mainly concentrated in the areas of Bohai Rim, the Yangtze River Delta, and the Pearl River Delta. 3) The distribution of every type of port bulk commodity trading market presents a decentralized state, which is more favorable for a trading market to provide services required by nationwide supplying and demanding sides of bulk commodities.

Key words: port, bulk commodity trading market, gravity P-median model

CLC Number: 

  • F129.9