SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 606-615.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.04.010

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Evolutionary Pattern and Contributing Factor of Administrative Division Adjustment in Northeast China Since 1949

Jianhua Zhu1(), Chunliang Xiu2()   

  1. 1.School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
    2. JiangHo Architecture College, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2018-10-16 Revised:2019-02-14 Online:2019-04-10 Published:2019-04-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41701150), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2017M611297)


The Northeast is a complete and independent geographical and cultural region in northern China. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China(1949), the administrative division pattern in Northeast China has changed a lot. The administrative division adjustment is mainly divided into the following five stages: In 1949-1955, the provincial-level administrative districts were adjusted frequently. In 1955-1969, the provincial-level administrative district was stable, the prefecture level and county-level administrative districts were frequently split and merged. In 1969-1979, the eastern region of Inner Mongolia was allocated to the three provinces (Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang) of Northeast China; In 1979-1996, the prefecture-level and county-level administrative districts were adjusted frequently. Many counties changed to cities and municipal districts. From 1997 to the present, this stage was relatively stable, administrative divisions were adjusted less. The counties and cities were mainly changed to municipal districts. Factors such as the level of economic development, traffic conditions, history and culture, physical geography conditions, and policies or standards have had important impact on the pattern and adjustment of administrative divisions in the Northeast China. Finally, the article analyzes the main problems of the administrative divisions in Northeast China, and proposes the optimization path of administrative division adjustment. The authors put forward the following suggestions: At the provincial level, four prefecture-level cities in eastern Inner Mongolia will be built separately and named Xing'an Province. At the prefecture-level, the Jiagedaqi and Songling District will be placed under the Daxinganling Area, and chang the Daxinganling Area to a prefecture-level city. At the county level, the counties and the mega-towns with good development conditions will be changed to county-level cities for increasing the number of small cities. At the township level, continuing to promote the "township merger", and townships around the big city will be changed to street offices.

Key words: administrative division, optimization path, Northeast China

CLC Number: 

  • F129.9