SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 671-679.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.04.017

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Regional Poverty Pattern and Its Influence Mechanism in Cultivated Land Resource-rich Area: Taking Lanxi County of Heilongjiang Province as an Example

Guoming Du(), Yaqian Zhao, Dongmei Li()   

  1. School of Resources and Environment, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, Heilongjiang, China
  • Received:2018-03-05 Revised:2018-05-15 Online:2019-04-10 Published:2019-04-10
  • Supported by:
    Postdoctoral Researchers Settled in Heilongjiang Research Funding Project (2017018), The Third-part Major Evaluation of The Stated Targeted Poverty Alleviation in Heilingjiang Province Survey and Assessment (2017)

Abstract:

:Revealing the county poverty pattern and its influence mechanism of cultivated land in resource-rich area can provide a scientific basis for us to carry out accurate poverty alleviation, regional development and rural revitalization. In this study, choosing Lanxi County where in Heilongjiang Province as the study area, the townships as the statistical units, using geostatistics and the basic methods of statistics to analysis the spatial poverty pattern of Lanxi County and in-depth analysis of the impact of cultivated land use on rural poverty mechanism. Some conclusions are drawn as follows: Firstly, a characteristic called gradient decrease, it shows the rate of poverty incidence in Lanxi County decrease from the northwest to the southeast. Secondly, poor households rely heavily on cultivated land. In 2015, the per capita income of poor households in Lanxi County was 3 983 yuan, of which 2 388 yuan was relied on cultivated land utilization. The sources of income were farming, agricultural subsidies and property income. Thirdly, among the various affecting factors of cultivated land, national grade, utilization grade, economic grade and per capita cultivated land area have an impact on the incidence of poverty. Correlation between reclamation rate and incidence of poverty is weak with little impact. In terms of performance, the better the quality of cultivated land is, the lower the poverty incidence; the more cultivated land per capita, the higher the incidence of poverty. Fourth, the dependence mechanism of cultivated land resources and the utilization mechanism of cultivated land resources are formed due to the quantity and quality difference of cultivated land per capita owned, leading to the pattern of poverty and furthering affects the scale of poverty in Lanxi County and the incidence of poverty. Fifth, the strategy of the poor counties with relatively abundant cultivated land resources are as listed below. Strengthening land consolidation and improving the natural quality and ecological value of cultivated land are of great importance; increase the intensity of agricultural input and promote the upgrading of agricultural; adjust agricultural production relations to realize the organic combination of modern agriculture and poor households; make the full use of potential and advantages of featured agriculture, organic agriculture and ecological agriculture to ensure the sustainable development of agriculture and poverty alleviation.

Key words: cultivated land resources, poverty pattern, rural poverty, poverty incidence, Lanxi County of Heilongjiang

CLC Number: 

  • K902