SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (7): 1129-1138.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.07.011

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Urban Network Characteristics in the Three Provinces of the Northeastern China Based on Headquarter-affiliate Enterprises Connection

Ma Liya1,Xiu Chunliang2(),Feng Xinghua1   

  1. 1. School of Geography Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
    2. Jangho Architecture College, Northeast University, Shenyang 110819, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2018-07-27 Revised:2018-11-27 Online:2019-07-10 Published:2019-07-10
  • Contact: Xiu Chunliang E-mail:xiuchunliang@mail.neu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871162)

Abstract:

Based on the headquarter-affiliate enterprises connection data, the urban association matrix is constructed. The social network analysis method is used to analyze the urban network structure characteristics of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces in the northeastern China from the perspective of network density, in-degree and out-degree of centrality and cohesion subgroups. The characteristics of regional organizational structure are discussed in depth from the perspective of enterprise linkages. The results show that: 1) The development of regional networks is in a stage of gradual improvement. There is a significant difference in network density at the provincial scale. The overall density of Jilin Province is greater than that of Liaoning Province, which is larger than that of Heilongjiang Province. The associations in the province are generally higher and the inter-provincial linkages are relatively insufficient. 2) The centrality of the network shows polarization characteristics, and the regional central city is in a dominant position in the network. Due to the ‘siphon effect’ of the central city, there is a clear ‘wicked under the light’ phenomenon in its surrounding areas. 3) The phenomenon of small groups linked by regional enterprises is prominent. Shenyang, Dalian, Changchun, Harbin, the four major cities are regional contact centers and the development speed is fast. Economic development is slow due to the lack of core in marginal cities .Based on the relationship of parent-subsidiary enterprises, the study considers that the urban networks of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces in the northeastern China are generally ‘multi-core network’ organizational structure, while on the provincial scale, they show organizational models of ‘dual-nuclei’‘axis-spoke’ and ‘single-core radial’.

Key words: headquarter-affiliate relationship, social network analysis, urban network, organization structure, the three provinces in the northeastern China

CLC Number: 

  • F279.2