SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): 1246-1255.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.08.006

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Enterprises Relocalization and Its Influence on Regional Transformation and Development Based on the Spatial Externality: A Case of the Industrial Transfer Demonstration Region in Cities Along the Yangtze River of Anhui

Zhu Huayou,Li Han,Dai Zejuan,Jiang Ziran   

  1. College of Economics and Management, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, Zhejiang, China
  • Received:2018-08-11 Revised:2018-11-20 Online:2019-08-10 Published:2019-10-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41571112);Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province(LY16D010002);Ministry of Education Layout Foundation of Humanities and Social Sciences(17YJA890002)


The relocalization of enterprises is the reaggregation after industrial transfer, which has a complex and profound influence on the economic society of aggregation area. However the validity about theoretical research guiding local economic development is insufficient, due to relatively lacking of measurement and research about the effects of enterprises re-localization and its influence on regional transformation and development. Based on the theoretical context of localization, delocalization and re-localization, this study proposes the measurement method of enterprises re-localization effects and the mechanism of regional transformation and development, and then takes the demonstration area of Wanjiang industry as the object, to analyze the spatial and temporal evolution characteristics of enterprises re-localization effect from outside MAR externalities, Jacobs externalities and Porter externalities. Finally, the two-way fixed effect model is used to verify its impact on the transformation and development of the Wanjiang demonstration area, and corresponding policy recommendations are put forward. The results shows that: 1) Time evolution characteristics are related to the industrial inheritance policies of different cities and the types of industries transferred; 2) MAR externalities presents the evolutionary characteristics of “overall equilibrium-westward enhancement-southward enhancement”, Jacobs externalities From southwest to northeast, the Porter externalities is enhanced in the space of dimensions; 3) The influence of MAR externalities on regional economic development level and regional innovation is inverted “U” type; Jacobs externalities has significant positive effect on regional economic development level, and its relationship with regional innovation is “U” type; Porter externalities has a positive effect on the regional economic development level and a significant negative effect on regional innovation.

Key words: enterprises relocalization, spatial externality, Wanjiang demonstration area, regional transformation and development

CLC Number: 

  • F129.9