SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): 1265-1275.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.08.008

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Impact of Rail Transit on the Travel Cost of Bus Transit and the Spatial Equity: A Case Study of Guangzhou

Chen Huiling1,Wang Boli2,Cao Xiaoshu3(),Shi Enming4,Liu Yongwei5   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Management, Hunan University of Technology and Business, Changsha 410205, Hunan, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China
    3. Global Regional and Urban Research Institute, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, Shaanxi, China
    4. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, Guangdong, China
    5. School of Business, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, Shandong, China
  • Received:2018-07-11 Revised:2018-09-28 Online:2019-08-10 Published:2019-10-10
  • Contact: Cao Xiaoshu E-mail:caoxsh@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671160)

Abstract:

Rail transit provides the possibility for residents from car travel to public transport travel. This paper studies the changes and characteristics of travel costs which subway construction brought up and the spatial equity of its influence from two aspects of travel time and travel expenses. The results show that: 1) The spatial patterns of weighted average time and fare indicators are core-peripheral. After the operation of subways, the relative change value of the weighted time in the southern suburbs is high, and the change rate of Huadu district is the lowest. The areas of high change rate of weighted fare accessibility are concentrated in the southern fringe areas and along the subway lines. 2) In the bus transit scenario, the isotime curves of CBD are concentric circles and eighty percent of residents could arrive in the nearest commercial complex within 80 minutes and RMB 2. In the rail transit scenario, the isotime curves are extended and diffused along the subway lines and eighty percent of residents could arrive in the nearest commercial complex within 30 minutes and RMB 5. 3) Whether or not to take the subway, the inequity degree of travel time between communities is higher than of travel fare. The absolute and relative improvement of travel time of Panyu district after with subway is great. Due to the bus transit network is well in central city, the absolute change of travel time which subway brought is slight, but its relative change is high. The rail transit has a significant on the cost-effective of medium-distance and long-distance travel. This research could provide the theoretical support for the development of the multi-modal transit system.

Key words: rail transit, conventional bus, travel time, travel fare, Guangzhou

CLC Number: 

  • K901