SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): 1284-1292.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.08.010

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Evolution Process and Regional Effect of Geo-relations in Northeast China

Cheng Lisha,Wang Shijun(),Yang Ran   

  1. School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin China
  • Received:2018-12-14 Revised:2019-03-07 Online:2019-08-10 Published:2019-10-10
  • Contact: Wang Shijun E-mail:wangsj@nenu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foudation of China(41630749)

Abstract:

With the progress of the Belt and Road Initiative and its construction, China's multifaceted cooperation with its neighbors has further deepened. Due to the special geographical location and unstable surrounding international environment, the geo-relations in Northeast China have always been complex and changeable, profoundly affecting the region's economic and social development. By combing the relevant historical documents, this paper analyzes the evolution process of the geo-relations in Northeast China since the 20th Century, and comprehensively depicts the influence of the geo-relations on the regional development.The main conclusions are as follows. From 1910s to 1940s, As a result of the outbreak of World War I and the establishment of the Soviet government, the alliance between Japan and Russia collapsed. The relationship between Japan and the United States hovered between competition and cooperation. Japan's colonial rule over the Northeast China changed the balance of the strategic situation of Northeast Asia. While the victory of the Anti-Fascist War and Counter-Japanese War basically broke the conspiracy of some countries to Northeast China. Overall, the geo-relations in Northeast China were semi-deformedly open, and the region was in a state of warlords chaos and Japanese colonial rule for a long time. At the same time, the Northeast China ushered in the peak of immigration, and the agricultural economy and national industry developed rapidly. However, the Japanese economy expanded willfully in the region, and a lot of resources and wealth were plundered. Since the founding of new China, Sino-Korean and Sino-Soviet relations have undergone a transition from the honeymoon period to the tortuous development period. Then the geo-relations in Northeast Asia show a relatively stable, peaceful and pluralistic trend of development, but there are still some challenges in the process of development, mainly coming from the United States and its military alliances and Korean Peninsula. Accordingly, the industrial development in the region has grown from prosperity to decline. And the region has made some progress in opening up regional cooperation towards Northeast Asia, among them, the implementation of Tumen River regional cooperation and development strategy and Belt and Road Initiative are the most representative. Nowadays, the geopolitical relationship in Northeast Asia is complicated, while the prospect of geo-economic cooperation is broad. In the future, we should vigorously promote the political and economic cooperation between Northeast Asian countries and sub regions, simultaneously improving the endogenous development power and the level of opening up to the outside world in Northeast China.

Key words: Northeast China, Northeast Asia, geo-relation, regional effect

CLC Number: 

  • K901.4